Khorasan

(redirected from Khorasan province)

Khorasan

(khôr'əsän`) or

Khurasan

(ko͝or'əsän`), region and former province (1991 pop. 6,013,200), c.125,000 sq mi (323,750 sq km), NE Iran. Mashhad is the chief city; other cities include Sabzevar, Bojnurd, and Neyshabur. It is mainly mountainous and arid. Khorasan was occupied by the Arabs in the mid-7th cent., and Abu MuslimAbu Muslim
, c.728–755, Persian leader of the Abbasid revolution. By political and religious agitation he raised (747) the black banners of the Abbasids against the ruling Umayyad family.
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 began (8th cent.) his campaign against the Umayyads there. The province contributed to the power of the early Abbasid caliphs. Khorasan was devastated by the Oghuz Turks in 1153 and 1157 and by the Mongols from 1220 to 1222. Timur invaded in 1383. An earthquake devastated Khorasan in 1997. In 2004 Khorasan was divided into three provinces: Northern, Southern, and Razavi Khorasan.

Khorasan

 

(also Khurasan), a historical region in the Middle East from the third to the mid-18th century that included northeastern Iran, the Merv oasis, oases in the southern part of the Turkmen SSR, and northwestern Afghanistan. Khorasan was first named by the Sassanids, who called it Khwarasan. The region was conquered by the Arabs in the mid-seventh century and after the dissolution of the Arab Caliphate was ruled from the ninth to the early 16th century successively by the Taharids, Saffarids, Samanids, Ghaznavids, Seljuks, and Khwarazm-Shahs. Until it was conquered by the Mongols in the early 1220’s, Khorasan was one of the most economically developed regions in the Middle East. From 1510 to 1736 it formed part of the Safavid state. After the fall of the Safavid state, part of Khorasan (the Herat region and Balkh) was incorporated into Afghanistan, and part into Iran; the Merv region was conquered in the early 19th century by the Turkmens.

References in periodicals archive ?
Qari Hekmat, a former Taliban commander and now local leader of the Islamic State Khorasan Province (ISKP), also known as Daesh in Afghanistan, survived another Taliban attempt to oust him from his area.
As for security, Yamamoto expressed concern over the increase in civilian casualties caused by the so-called Islamic State in the Khorasan Province, or ISKP.
A fresh development heightened the morale of the ISIS in Khorasan Province in August 2015 when the Afghanistan-based militant group, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), pledged allegiance to ISIS and declared they were now members of Wilayat Khorasan.
Director-General (Tourism) in Iranian Khorasan province Abul Fazal Mokarrmi said Pakistan should also provide security to Shia pilgrims who came to iran by road.
Islamic State Khorasan Province, or ISKP, an offshoot of the so-called Islamic State group, claimed responsibility.
The report attributes close to two-thirds of all casualties (65 percent) to anti-government elements; 42 percent to the Taliban, 10 percent to Daesh / Islamic State's Khorasan Province (ISIL-KP), and 13 percent to undetermined and other anti-government elements.
Iran needs no gas imports since the gas production from South Pars Gas Field has been raised, he added, Except two cases in Northern Khorasan Province, there was no limitation to deliver fuel to industrial sector in winter.
Caption: SUPPLICATION--A farmer in South Khorasan province, one of the worsthit by the current drought, hugs a lamb as he joins in public prayers in Birjand for rain.
The emergence of the Islamic State in Khorasan Province, a group that includes some disaffected Afghan Taliban commanders, has resulted in conflict between the two groups.
The semi-official Ilna news agency and social media reported demonstrations in other cities in Razavi Khorasan Province, including Neyshabour and Kashmar.
Islamic State - Khorasan Province claimed responsibility.
A report by the UK's Henry Jackson Society think-tank says IS in Khorasan Province could establish Afghan safe havens to plan attacks, just as al-Qaeda did before the Twin Towers.