Khorramshahr


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Khorramshahr

(khōräm'shä`hər), city (1991 pop. 34,750), Khuzestan prov., SW Iran, at the confluence of the Karun River and the Shatt al Arab, near the Persian Gulf. It is a busy port. Its development dates to the late 19th cent., when steam navigation on the Karun was started. The city was known as Muhammerah until the mid-1920s, when Reza Shah took it out of the hands of a semi-independent local sheikh and placed it under the control of the central government as Khorramshahr. It was severely attacked and partially destroyed during the Iran-Iraq WarIran-Iraq War,
1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns
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 in the 1980s. The port has since been refurbished and the local economy has revived.

Khorramshahr

 

a city in southwestern Iran, in the ostan (province) of Khuzestan. Population, 125,000 (1975). Khorramshahr is a port on the Shatt al-Arab at the river’s confluence with the Karun. The city has a railroad station. Its industries include shipbuilding, oil refining, and the manufacture of leather goods. Khorramshahr exports dates, cotton, hides, and skins.

References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Iran's national team ranked 1st at the Fajr International Kabaddi Tournament held in Khorramshahr, Iran.
The walls of the city of Khorramshahr [in southwestern Iran] are still full of shrapnel holes [from the 1980-88 war].
According to sources as quoted by Al-Arabiya, they have been deployed alongside Iran's Revolutionary Guards and security forces in the streets of Abadan, Tehran and Khorramshahr and in Al-Thawra area of Ahvaz.
The Khorramshahr rocket is capable of being fitted with multiple warheads and has an estimated range of 2,000 kilometres.
The Khorramshahr missile is Iran's third missile with a range of 2,000 kilometers.
The Islamic Republic also tested a Khorramshahr medium-range ballistic missile in January, facing flak from many in the West who claimed that it was in violation of a U.
The drilling rigs would be developed in Khorramshahr port city within next two years.
Krasnye Barrikady will finance 85 percent of the contract, aimed at building the five offshore drilling rigs in the Khorramshahr port city in the next two years, said IRNA.
Loading of platform 19A, with a capacity of recovering half a billion cubic feet of gas/day, began last month together with another platform belonging to phase 21 at Khorramshahr Yard.
The people keep us from selling our oil," Rouhani said in the speech to mark the 33rd anniversary of the liberation of the Iranian city of Khorramshahr.
With only a part of this vast area known by its Persian name, Khuzistan, this is a 348,000 sq km region stretching from the north of Khorramshahr, a city called Muhammara (red town) by the local Arabs, which faces Iraq's Shatt al-Arab estuary, down to the south of the Strait of Hormuz.
But equally important was the theocracy's focus on Iran's non-Persian minorities, mainly the Arabs along the country's petroleum- and water-rich Gulf coast - a vital 358,000 sq km area once called Arabistan extending all the way from the north of Khorramshahr to the south of Hormuz (see fap4IrqArabistnApr23-12), the Turkic peoples, the Kurds, and other ethnic communities.