Khosrow


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Khosrow

 

In Iran, rulers of the Sassanid dynasty:

Khosrow I (surnamed Anushirvan [literally, “of the immortal soul”]). Died 579.

Khosrow I ascended the throne in 531 after the suppression of the Mazdakite movement. He carried out reforms begun by his father, Kavadh I, which consolidated the power of the monarch and reflected Iran’s feudalization. He introduced a fixed tax on land (the hard) and a per capita tax, restructured the bureaucracy in order to limit the power of the highest civil servants and the provincial rulers, and created a regular army and a new aristocracy totally dependent on the monarch. From the 540’s to 570’s, Khosrow I waged a series of wars with the Byzantine Empire: circa 570 he captured Yemen from Byzantium’s ally Ethiopia, and in the 560’s he routed the Epthalites in the east.

Khosrow II (surnamed Parviz [literally, “the victor”]). Died 628.

Khosrow II was brought to the throne in 591 with the aid of the Byzantine emperor Maurice. Using the murder of Maurice as a pretext, he initiated a war with the Byzantine Empire that lasted from 602 to 629; in the course of the war he seized the eastern and southern Byzantine provinces, including Egypt. In the 620’s Byzantium took the offensive and invaded Iran. Khosrow II was overthrown and killed by a group of nobles opposed to him.

E. A. GRANTOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Reza Derakshani, Shirin and Khosrow, 2016 Image Credit: By Richard HolledgeSpecial to Weekend Review
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Khosrow Hashemzadeh18 in their study on factors associated with post-operative atrial fibrillation showed a intraoperative factors associated with post-operative AF included cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross-clamp time, bicaval cannulation, valve surgery, ASD surgery and cardiac venting technique.
34 lots by some of Iran's leading contemporary artists, such as Khosrow Hassanzadeh, Koorosh Shishegaran, and Ali Akbar Sadeghi are set to go under the hammer, as are ones by emerging artists supported by the Foundation; and, if things aren't exciting enough, a 'surprise' piece by Shirin Neshat will also find its way into the hands of a lucky bidder.
The 7 Iranian inmates freed by the US were named as Nader Modanlou, Bahram Mechanic, Khosrow Afqahi, Arash Ghahreman, Touraj Faridi, Nima Golestaneh and Ali Sabounchi.
An Iranian news agency named the seven Saturday: Arash Ghahreman, Tooraj Faridi, Nima Golestaneh, Nader Modanlo, Bahram Mechanic, Khosrow Afghahi and Ali Sabouni, Reuters (http://news.
SPS); Houston-based Bahram Mechanic, 69, and Tooraj Faridi, 46; and Los Angeles-based Khosrow Afghahi, 71, are all said to be "members of an Iranian procurement network operating in the United States," according to the statement.
Ambassador informed the audience that Nizami Ganjavi wrote many books but best is Quinary Panj Ganj" or Khamsa" such as Makhzan al-Asrar Khosrow o Shirin Layli o Majnun Eskandar-nameh Haft Paykar.