Kim Dae Jung

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Kim Dae Jung

(kĭm dā jo͝ong), 1924–2009, president (1998–2003) of South Korea. A native of South Jeolla prov., Kim was a long-time campaigner for increased democracy and a writer on international issues. He was elected to the national legislature in 1961 and a decade later first ran for president as leader of the opposition to President Park Chung HeePark Chung Hee
, 1917–79, president (1963–79) of the Republic of Korea (South Korea). Starting (1940) his military career in the Japanese army, he joined the new South Korean army after the establishment of Korean independence at the end of World War II and rose
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. In 1973, while he was in Japan, he was kidnapped by South Korea's spy agency and taken back to Seoul. From the mid-1970s through the mid-80s he spent much time either in prison or in exile in the United States. After returning to Korea in 1985, he again ran unsuccessfully for president in 1987 and 1992. In the midst of a financial crisis in 1997, he finally won the presidency, succeeding Kim Young SamKim Young Sam,
1927–2015, South Korean political leader, b. Gyeongsang prov. He was first elected to the National Assembly in 1954 and served nine terms. A long-time political dissident and opponent of military rule, he was banned from politics from 1980 to 1985 and was
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. Kim worked to reform and revive the economy and sought improved relations with North Korea, calling for an easing of U.S. policy toward it and traveling in 2000 to the North for a historic summit with Kim Jong Il (see under Kim Il SungKim Il Sung
, 1912–94, North Korean political leader, chief of state of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (1948–94); originally named Kim Sung Chu. While fighting Japanese occupation forces in the 1930s, he adopted the name Kim Il Sung after a famous Korean
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). For his efforts to promote democracy and human rights as well as to open ties with North Korea, Kim was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (2000). The failure of the North to honor its pledges, a slowing economy, and a series of corruption scandals, including ones involving his sons, subsequently hurt Kim politically. His reputation was further damaged when it was revealed in Feb., 2003, that his summit with Kim Jong Il might have been due in part to payment of $186 million to the North.
References in periodicals archive ?
North Korea's leader Kim Jong-il surprised the world with a rare foray into the international spotlight by personally going to the airport to greet President Kim Dae-jung on June 13.
But he has faced harsh resistance by lawmakers who follow the legacy of ex-President Kim Dae-jung.
Now with the death of Kim Dae-jung, they have sent their head of the spy service as the envoy for Kim Jong-il to convey a private message to Lee Myung-bak.
His successor, the late President Roh Moo-hyun, maintained the sunshine policy but Kim Dae-jung saw his work unravel with the election of conservative president Lee Myung-bak in 2007.
Kim Dae-jung, even though he had been persecuted under previous authoritarian governments, pardoned some of his prominent political opponents as soon as he was elected to the highest government position.
In the end, it was not his progressive ideology but the Asian crisis that enabled Kim Dae-jung to triumph over Lee Hoi-chang in his fourth bid for presidential power.
There are reports that President Bush rejected a military course after then-President Kim Dae-jung personally described the carnage of the Korean War.
South Korean President Kim Dae-jung appealed to the European Union's foreign policy chief Javier Solana on February 11 for EU help in breaking an impasse over North Korea's nuclear weapons programmes.
Hahn met with Korean President Kim Dae-Jung on Monday and promised to open his international trade office to help Korean businesses get started in Los Angeles.
Usually young Korean men are required to serve 26 months in the army, but president Kim Dae-Jung has ordered that the country's new heroes concentrate on their football instead.
The reconciliation process, initiated in 2000 by South Korean Catholic president Kim Dae-Jung, resulted from his meeting with Kim Jon Il, the communist leader of North Korea.