Kimbundu


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Kimbundu

 

(also Ndongo), the language of the Bambundu people, spoken in northern Angola. Kimbundu belongs to the Bantu language family. There are approximately 1.3 million speakers of Kimbundu (1967, estimate).

The Kimbundu phonetic system is characterized by the presence of elements of vowel harmony and by the assimilation of nasal resonants. There are tones, which fulfill semantic functions. The system of concordial classes includes locative classes with prefixes. Class prefixes are monosyllabic. In the verb a major role is played by a system of derivational suffixes with complex combinatorial analysis. The word order is subject-predicate-object. The concordial system is strictly maintained.

REFERENCES

Doke, C. M. Bantu: Modern Grammatical, Phonetical and Lexicographical Studies Since 1860. London, 1945.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also, Kimbundu influence on the ST spoken on the plantations was probably minimized due to the opposing effect exerted by Portuguese and the stabilizing ascendancy of the sociolect spoken by the creole-speaking Afro-Portuguese.
Para identificar la influencia de lenguas africanas, al menos del mandinga, wolof, kikongo y kimbundu, supuestamente maternas de la mayoria de los esclavos que llegaron a America, hacen falta registros gramaticales y lexicos de esas lenguas, del siglo xvi en adelante.
By referencing the creolized Kimbundu term for the oil and discounting its commercial viability, the envoy--in the name of the crown - effectively conceded Bahia's palm oil economy to Afro-descendants.
Es notable, sin embargo, que en Kimbundu, una lengua bantu de Angola, exista una construccion que expresa aspecto imperfectivo y habitual en el pasado, equivalente al significado expresado por tabata.
Languages: Portuguese (official), Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikongo, and others.
Ortiz Oderigo y Thompson rastrean la palabra "candombe" hasta las lenguas Kimbundu y Ki-Kongo pertenecientes a regiones de Angola y Congo, respectivamente.
O Desejo de Kianda (1995) charts the collapse of the national project and the decline of the alliance between the Creoles and the interior in its depiction of the failing marriage of Joao Evangelista, the son of an Ovimbundu father from Huambo and a Kimbundu mother from Luanda, and his wife, a Luanda Creole social climber named Carmina Cara de Cu, who remakes herself as an ardent capitalist and consumer after her beloved MPLA renounces socialism.
La mujer actua de defensora de los derechos humanos violados en Ndongo (actual Angola), revindicados en la Espana colonial y proclamados ritmicamente en una mezcla de Kimbundu, portugues e ingles en Harlem, por y para las afro-americanas del fin del segundo milenio.
72: "Nao restam duvidas, portanto, de que, em Angola, especialmente na regiao etnolinguistica do Kimbundu, onde ficam Luanda e o Dondo, o bilinguismo era diluido pelo aparecimento dum discurso mesticado e de tessitura nao forcada, forjada a partir de cadencias mutuas lexicais, fonologicas e sintaticas.
Ultimately, these movements--Frente Nacional de Libertacao de Angola (FNLA), MPLA and UNITA--represented almost exclusively the Kikongo, Kimbundu and Ovimbundu ethnic groups respectively.
He was the first to fully understand the cultural relevance of forging the hybrid estoria by employing the techniques of the Kimbundu oral tale (the missosso) as well as patterns from European written narratives: one or more narrator-griots are regularly deployed to express, however indirectly, the yearning for the social and economic values for a truly creolized Luanda.