Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Kinetoplast: Kinetoplastida


(cell and molecular biology)
A genetically autonomous, membrane-bound organelle associated with the basal body at the base of flagella in certain flagellates, such as the trypanosomes. Also known as parabasal body.



a cell organelle; the basal nodule of the cilia of infusoria.

The origin of the kinetoplast is associated with the centriole, an assumption supported by the similarity in ultrastructure of the two organelles. In addition to proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids, the kinetoplast contains DNA and RNA and is capable of the independent biosynthesis of protein and of self-reproduction. Kinetoplasts may give rise to cilia or trichocysts. The tendency to call all basal bodies kinetoplasts is incorrect.

References in periodicals archive ?
Detection of Trypanosoma cruzi in blood specimens of chronic chagasic patients by polymerase chain reaction amplification of kinetoplast minicircle DNA: comparison with serology and xenodiagnosis.
At this magnification they were seen as an oval body with clear nucleus and sometimes a small kinetoplast.
These round forms are mostly without nucleus or kinetoplast and are devoid of dividing capabilities.
Sensitive detection and schizodeme classification of Trypanosoma cruzi cells by amplification and kinetoplast minicircle DNA sequences: use in diagnosis of Chagas disease.
Leishmain stain of blood film revealed trypomastigote form of Trypanosoma brucei having long cylinder body, central nucleus and undulating membrane with long flagellum arising from kinetoplast located at posterior end (Fig 1).
Trypanosoma cruzi: Sequence analysis of the variable region of kinetoplast mini circles.
Amastigotes could be differentiated from other intracellular pathogens by visualizing the nucleus and kinetoplast (a distinctive rod-shaped structure found in the cytoplasm) surrounded by a cell wall.
First detection of Leishmania major in peri-domestic Phlebotomus papatasi from Isfahan Province, Iran: comparison of nested PCR of nuclear ITS ribosomal DNA and semi-nested PCR of mini circle kinetoplast DNA.
Kinetoplast DNA from Trypanosoma rangeli contains two distinc classes of minicircles whith different size and molecular organization.
Amastigot sitoplazmasi icerisinde, arka uca yakin, oldukca buyuk bir nukleus ve ona bitisik bir kinetoplast, bir veya daha fazla vakuol, parabazal cisme yakin nokta seklinde bir bleforablast, blefaroblasttan cikip on ucta sonlanan bir aksonem vardir (8).