King William Island


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King William Island,

part of the Arctic Archipelago, in the Arctic Ocean, Nunavut Territory, Canada, between Boothia Peninsula and Victoria Island. The northern coast of the island was explored (1831) by Sir James C. RossRoss, Sir James Clark,
1800–1862, British polar explorer and rear admiral. In 1818 he accompanied his uncle, Sir John Ross, in search of the Northwest Passage and commanded the Erebus.
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. In 1837, Thomas Simpson of the Hudson's Bay Company traced the southern coast. The ships of the expedition of Sir John FranklinFranklin, Sir John,
1786–1847, British explorer in N Canada whose disappearance caused a widespread search of the Arctic. Entering the navy in 1801, he fought in the battle of Trafalgar.
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 were wrecked off the west coast, and the island was further explored by searchers for Franklin, notably John RaeRae, John,
1813–93, Scottish arctic explorer, b. Orkney Islands. A physician in the employ of the Hudson's Bay Company in N Canada, Rae made (1846–47) a journey of exploration from Fort Churchill to the Gulf of Boothia, which he described in his
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 and Sir Francis L. McClintockMcClintock, Sir Francis Leopold,
1819–1907, British arctic explorer. As a lieutenant in the navy he was assigned to his first arctic service in 1848, when Sir James Clark Ross went in search of the lost expedition of Sir John Franklin.
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. Roald AmundsenAmundsen, Roald
(Roald Engelbregt Grauning Amundsen) , 1872–1928, Norwegian polar explorer; the first person to reach the South Pole. He served (1897–99) as first mate on the Belgica
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 wintered there in 1903–4 while on his way through the Northwest Passage.

Bibliography

See P. F. Cooper, Island of the Lost (1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
On page 131, he has Frederick Schwatka reaching "Erebus Bay itself," which is located on the west coast of King William Island, and there discovering a cairn built by Charles Francis Hall.
Historians believe the ships were lost in 1848 after they became locked in the ice near King William Island and the crews abandoned them in a hopeless bid to reach safety.
Dorothy Eber aims to understand the Franklin tragedy on and near King William Island from the point of view of Inuit oral history.
His two ships, HMS Erebus and Terror, were trapped in the ice off King William Island in September 1846 and abandoned the following April as the crews tried to walk to safety.
After two more years of searching, McClintock's crew made a vital discovery on King William Island.
For three weeks he and seven companions trekked the icy wastes of King William Island, in the Arctic, on a mission of discovery and endurance.
The team went from Sir John's initial landing - after his two ships were abandoned at Victory Point on King William Island - to Starvation Cove, where the last traces of some of his men were found.
Expedition leader Mark Davey, along with seven other British explorers, sets off yesterday from Victory Point, King William Island, to follow in the footsteps of Sir John Franklin who set off in 1845 to discover the elusive North West Passage
Cape Crozier on King William Island is named after him and his statue, surrounded by four polar bears, is in the Square in Banbridge.
The next winter they were locked in ice west of King William Island when their food ran out.
Harris and Moore were the first people to see the ship since Inuit had seen it shortly after the crew had abandoned it on 22 April 1848 off the northwest coast of King William Island.