Kinshasa

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Kinshasa

(kēn`shäsə), city (1984 pop. 2,664,309), capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, W Congo, a port on Pool Malebo of the Congo River. It is the Congo's largest city and its administrative, communications, and commercial center. Major industries are food and beverage processing, tanning, construction, ship repairing, and the manufacture of chemicals, mineral oils, textiles, and cement, but the city's economic life collapsed in the 1990s as a result of the political turmoil in the country. A transportation hub, Kinshasa is the terminus of the railroad from MatadiMatadi
, city (1984 pop. 138,798), Kongo Central prov., W Congo (Kinshasa), on the Congo River. With one of the largest harbors in central Africa, Matadi is the main port of the country. Situated c.
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 and of navigation on the Congo River from Kisangani; the international airport is a major link for African air traffic with Europe and the Americas. There is motorboat service to BrazzavilleBrazzaville
, city (1984 pop. 585,812), capital of the Republic of the Congo, on Pool Malebo of the Congo River. It is the nation's largest city and its administrative, communications, and economic center.
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, capital of the Republic of the Congo, on the opposite bank of Pool Malebo.

In 1881 Henry M. Stanley, the Anglo-American explorer, renamed Kinshasa Leopoldville after his patron, Leopold II, king of the Belgians. In 1898 the rail link with Matadi was completed, and in 1926 the city succeeded Boma as the capital of the Belgian Congo. Its main growth occurred after 1945. A major anti-Belgian rebellion that took place there in Jan., 1959, started the country on the road to independence (June, 1960). In 1966 the city's name was changed from Leopoldville to Kinshasa, the name of one of the African villages that occupied the site in 1881.

Modern Kinshasa is an educational and cultural center and is the seat of Lovanium Univ. of Kinshasa (1954), which has an archaeological museum, the National School of Law and Administration, a telecommunications school, a research center for tropical medicine, and a museum of Africana. Historical buildings in the city include the chapel of the American Baptist Missionary Society (1891) and a Roman Catholic cathedral (1914). There is a large stadium (seating capacity about 70,000). Kinshasa is famous as a center for modern African music.

Kinshasa

 

(prior to 1966, Léopoldville), the capital of the Republic of Zaire and the country’s main commercial, transportation, industrial, financial, and cultural center. The city is located on the left bank of the Congo (Zaire) River, at the point where it widens to form Stanley Pool. Population, 1.3 million (1970). The climate is subequatorial, with rainy summers and dry winters. The mean temperature in July is about 22°C and in April about 27°C; annual precipitation totals 1,359 mm. Kinshasa has been reorganized as an independent administrative unit headed by a municipal commissioner.

Founded in 1881 by the African explorer H. Stanley, the city was named Léopoldville after the Belgian king Leopold II. From 1926 to 1960 it was the administrative center of the Belgian Congo. On Jan. 4, 1959, a political demonstration in the city set off a mass movement for independence throughout the country. The city has been, successively, the capital of the independent Republic of the Congo (1960–64), of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (1964–71), and of the Republic of Zaire (since 1971).

The city’s economic development has been closely bound up with its role as a key trade and transportation center. A large portion of the nation’s foreign trade passes through Kinshasa. It is also the largest river port in the Congo basin, with a cargo turnover of 1.1 million tons in 1969. A railroad connects Kinshasa (bypassing Livingstone Falls) with the seaport of Matadi on the lower course of the Congo River. There is ferry service between Kinshasa and Brazzaville, the capital of the Congo, situated on the right bank of the Congo River. Kinshasa is a highway junction and has an airport (Ndolo). Some 25 km south of the city is the international Ndjili Airport. Kinshasa is an important manufacturing center, with food-processing enterprises (slaughterhouse, soft-drinks plants, breweries) and tobacco, textile, leather, footwear, garment, chemical, pharmaceutical, metalworking, and woodworking industries. The city produces building materials, electrical appliances, motor vehicles, bicycles, and transistor radios. There are also shipyards.

Kinshasa is the site of the National University, which has the nation’s largest library, institutes and schools (teacher training, architecture, plastic arts, and construction), the National Academy of Music and Dramatic Arts, the Geography Institute, the Tropical Medicine Institute, the Geological Survey and other scientific institutions, and the National Scientific Research Administration. Also found in the city are the National Company (since 1969) and several amateur theater companies, an ethnographic museum, and a zoo.

Kinshasa

the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Za?re), on the River Congo opposite Brazzaville: became capital of the Belgian Congo in 1929 and of Za?re in 1960; university (1954). Pop.: 5 717 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Samba emerged as a street artist in Kinshasa, Zaire, in the late '70s, painting tableaux of market scenes, prostitution, and anecdotes about power and corruption.
Reported by: PT Mwamba, MD, KF Tshioko, MD, A Moudi, MD, World Health Organization-Zaire; V Mukinda, MD, Medecins Sans Frontieres; GN Mwema, MD, D Messinger, National Institute of Biomedical Research; L Okito, MD, School of Public Health, Kinshasa, Zaire.
Last week's media event was a briefing to herald the premiere of ``When We Were Kings'', a feature-length documentary about ``The Rumble in the Jungle'', the 1974 heavyweight title fight in Kinshasa, Zaire, when Ali finally took back his heavyweight title.
KINSHASA, Zaire -- Perhaps nowhere is the axiom "the more things change, the more they remain the same" more true than in the poverty-stricken central African nation of Zaire, home to more than 42 million people, more than half of them Catholic.
For example, in one instance of a study in Kinshasa, Zaire, a Belgian team reported that they had seen thirty-eight AIDS patients (the majority in a private hospital and hence not representative of the population) during a three-week period of investigation.
The mutual adoration between Ali and Africa reached its peak at the historic boxing event 'Rumble in the Jungle' where Ali defeated George Foreman to the delight of 60,000 mostly African spectators in Kinshasa, Zaire, currently Democratic Republic of Congo.
FLOORED by Muhammad Ali's surprise straight right that sweltering night in Kinshasa, Zaire, George Foreman would have been forgiven for never wanting to see his rival's face again.
This historic world heavyweight boxing event, the first to take place in Africa, is hosted in Kinshasa, Zaire (now DRCongo).
Muamba Factfile 1988: Born April 6 in Kinshasa, Zaire (now Democratic Republic of Congo).
Oct 30 - The Rumble in the Jungle takes place in Kinshasa, Zaire.
We investigated the presence of HIV or SIV in 70 HIV EIA-reactive, WB-indeterminate serum specimens collected in 1984 and 1986 from employees of Mama Yemo Hospital in Kinshasa, Zaire (currently the Democratic Republic of Congo) (11).
Perhaps the worst such incident involved a Scibe Airlift Anatov An-32 which ran off the runway at Kinshasa, Zaire and ploughed through a market-lace, killing some 300 people and seriously injuring 250.