Kirill


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Kirill

(kĭrēl`), 16th patriarch of Moscow and all Russia (2009–), b. Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) as Vladimir Mikhailovich Gundyayev. The son and grandson of Russian Orthodox priests, he became a priest in 1969 and subsequently taught at and was rector of the Leningrad seminary. He was appointed bishop of Vyborg in 1976, archbishbop of Smolensk in 1984, and metropolitan of Smolensk and Kaliningrad in 1991. Long active in the Russian church's ecumenical relations, he became chairman of the church's external relations dept. in 1989. After Patriarch Alexy IIAlexy II
or Aleksy II
, 1929–2008, 15th patriarch of Moscow and all Russia (1990–2008), b. Estonia, as Aleksey Mikhailovich Ridiger. He spent 11 years as a Russian Orthodox parish priest before becoming bishop of Tallinn and Estonia in 1961.
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 died (2008), Kirill was chosen as the Russian Orthodox church's interim leader, and was elected to succeed him in 2009. He has favored improved relations with the Roman Catholic church, supported the Russian government and criticized opposition political protests, and called for women to focus on family and the home. In 2016 he became the first Russian Orthodox patriarch to meet with a pope (Francis).

Laksman, Erik (Kirill) Gustavovich

 

Born July 27 (Aug. 7), 1737, in Nyslott, Sweden (present-day Savonlinna, Finland); died Jan. 5 (16), 1796, at Drevianskaia Station, To-bol’sk Province. Russian naturalist and traveler; academician of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1770).

Laksman studied at the university in Abo. In 1762 he moved to Russia, and he worked in Siberia for many years. Laksman proposed the use of natural sodium sulfate (Glauber’s salt) instead of soda and potash for glassmaking purposes (1764–84). He derived a method for producing table salt by freezing out the natural brine of salt lakes (1769). He published studies of saltpeter, soda, and alum processing. He investigated the flora and fauna of the Altai and Eastern Siberia. He discovered the new minerals baikalite and viluite and found deposits of lazurite and zircon. Laksman had extensive mineral and insect collections and herbaria.

REFERENCE

Raskin, N. M., and I. I. Shafranovskii. Erik Gustavovich Laksman. Leningrad, 1971. (Contains a bibliography of Laksman’s works.)
References in classic literature ?
Vronsky is one of the sons of Count Kirill Ivanovitch Vronsky, and one of the finest specimens of the gilded youth of Petersburg.
15 (Petra)-- His Majesty King Abdullah II on Thursday met His Holiness Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia and Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church at the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour and the Head of Fatwa Council of Russia, Sheikh Rawi Ain El Din, in the presence of HRH Prince Ghazi Bin Mohammad, the King's Chief Adviser for religious and Cultural Affairs and the Personal Envoy of His Majesty King Abdullah.
Seven cyclists are returning from last year: Elgun Alizada, Elchin Asadov, Enver Asanov, Kanan Gahramanli, Samir Jabrayilov, Musa Mikayilzade, and Kirill Pozdnyakov.
The Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus, Kirill, said the upcoming prisoner swap would be held on Wednesday after both sides of the Ukrainian conflict had reached an agreement on all conditions, Efe reported.
Moscow, SANA - Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia praised the efforts that have been made to eradicate terrorism in Syria, as terrorism threatens the Middle East and all countries, including Russia.
The participants of the session will be the head of the Internet Initiatives Development Fund, Kirill Varlamov , managing partner of the FPI Partners venture fund Valery Krivenko , head of the investor club of the Moscow School of Management Skolkovo Vitaly Polekhin , owner of the Investment Fund Parus Capital Limited Andrei Muraviev .
2 seed GM Anton Demchenko of Russia, Puranik, Georgian GM Mikheil Mchedishvili and Belarusian GM Kirill Stupak.
Kirill Zimarin, "for supporting the work of the Body and other noble causes.
Kirill Zimarin who had the initiative to organize a university level summer school in Cyprus.
In the weeks following Pope Francis' meeting with Russia's Orthodox Patriarch Kirill in Cuba, predictions are still being aired about the wider impact on Catholic-Orthodox ties.
Summary: Pope Francis met Friday with Patriarch Kirill in the first-ever papal meeting with the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism that divided Christianity that may, however, be more about Russia asserting itself than any new ecumenical progress.