Knipovich Bay 90-92 (3) Late Cold Pluvialis squatarola 90-92 (3) Calidris canutus 90-92 (3) Calidris alba 90-92 (3) Calidris ferruginea 90-92 (3) Calidris minuta 9.
Snow cover in spring was reported to be unusually heavy in Knipovich Bay (8), on Wrangel Island (13), in Koyukuk National Wildlife Refuge (17), and at Karrak Lake (21).
This pattern was confirmed by information we received from Russkiy Zavorot (4), Yamal (5), Pyasina Delta (6), Malaya Logata (7), Knipovich Bay (8), Pronchishcheva Lake (10), Anadyr Gulf (12), and Wrangel Island (13).
At Knipovich Bay (8), the late start of the breeding season prevented waders from laying replacement clutches when their first clutches were lost.
At Knipovich Bay (8), adult waders (knots, sanderlings, curlew sandpipers and little stints) were lighter during the 1992 pre-breeding period than in other years, which was attributed to the late and cold spring.
The following observations were mentioned: very poor success and low numbers of long-tailed ducks and bean geese at Russkiy Zavorot (4); no nesting of white-fronted geese and king eiders and very low numbers of long-tailed ducks at Yamal (5); very low numbers of king eiders and long-tailed ducks at Malaya Logata (7); large numbers of nonbreeders or failed breeders of brent geese, long-tailed ducks, and bar-tailed godwits at Knipovich Bay (8); low numbers of nesting black-bellied brent geese and common eiders at Howe Island (19); very low nesting density of green-winged teal, black duck, common scorer, and surf scorer at Laforge I (28).
At Knipovich Bay (8), many males of grey plover and knot (species in which males are more site-faithful than females) were unable to find mates because the less site-faithful females had preferred to go elsewhere.