No que tange a sua mensuracao, Gunasekaran e Kobu
(2007) consideram um grande desafio para os administradores o desenvolvimento de medidas apropriadas para as tomadas de decisao que contribuam para o alcance da competitividade.
Traditional business performance measures have mostly financial character which measures the rate of return on investment, cash flow and profit margins (Gunasekaran & Kobu
The first architecture professor at the Kobu
Daigakko (Imperial College of Technology) in Tokyo from 1876 to 1884 had been Josiah Conder (1852-1920), a young British architect hired by the government as a foreign advisor or oyatoi, for four years.
To link these six groups of PSM practices to buying firm performance, we classified performance into the three dimensions most frequently studied in PSM and SCM research: operational performance, market performance, and financial performance (Gunasekaran & Kobu
, 2007; Vachon & Klassen, 2006).
Li Gang "Ye lun Taiping jing chao jia bu ji qi yu Daojiao Shangqing pai zhi guanxi", Daojia wenhua yanjiu 4 (1994): 284-99; Ofuchi Ninji, Dokyo to sono kyoten: Dokyoshi no kenkyu, sono ni (Tokyo: Sobunsha, 1997), 540-44; Kameda Masami "Josei kosei dokun rekki ni okeru shumin shiso ni tsuite: Taiheikyo-sho kobu
to no kankei o majiete", Nippon Chugoku gakkaiho 50 (1998): 77-91.
Gunasekaran & Kobu
has presented the review of the most recent (between 1993 and 2000) literature on BPR modeling tools and techniques.
At the Kobu
Kaburenjo theatre in Gion we are treated to a tea ceremony, matcha green tea with a sweet bean-paste bun.
At the Kobu
Kaburenjo theatre in Gion, we are treated to a tea ceremony.
Early entrants can often achieve higher profit potential than later entrants because with less competition they find it easier to gain customers (Karakaya & Kobu
, 1994; Robinson, 1988) and because their industry share gains are worth more given their association with increasing sales and lower competition (Carpenter & Nakamoto, 1989; Golder & Tellis, 1993).
, Bulent (1987) Endustriyel Kalite Kontrolu, Istanbul Univ.
Karakaya and Kobu
(1994) provided a guide for the items to measure the sources of ideas for innovation.
We elected to investigate these firms since they are key contributors to the economy, providing most of the opportunity for employment (Gunasekaran, Forker, & Kobu