Kurt Koffka

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Kurt Koffka
Birthday
BirthplaceBerlin, German Empire
Died

Koffka, Kurt

 

Born Mar. 18, 1886, in Berlin; died Nov. 22, 1941, in Northampton, Mass. German-American psychologist; one of the founders of gestalt psychology.

Koffka was a student of C. Stumpf. He became an assistant professor in 1911 and a professor in 1918 (to 1924) at the University of Giessen. In 1927 he became a professor at Smith College in Northampton, Mass. Together with M. Wertheimer and W. Köhler, Koffka published the journal Psychologische Forschungy, the principal organ of gestalt psychology. Lecturing in the USA and Great Britain during the early 1920’s, he played an important role in the worldwide popularization of gestalt psychology. His most important work, Principles of Gestalt Psychology (1935), is a fundamental summary of the achievements of the gestalt school. Koffka was the first of the gestalt psychologists to address himself to problems of the psychological development of the child (1921).

WORKS

Principles of Gestalt Psychology, 3rd ed. New York, 1950.
In Russian translation: “Samonabliudenie i metod psikhologii.” In the anthology Problemy sovremennoi psikhologii. Moscow, 1926.
Osnovy psikhicheskogo razvitiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.

A. A. PUZYREI

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Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka nearly seventy years ago has made a fascinating effect (Adelson, 2000; Koffka, 1967).
Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka almost seventy years ago has made a fascinating effect (Adelson, 2000; Koffka, 1935).
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The principles of foregrounding theory are observable in the work of the Gestalt psychologists of the early 1900s, particularly in Rubin's work on the distinction between figure and ground (see Koffka 177-210 for a detailed exposition of the figure and ground hypothesis).
In some early work, Schiller (1933b) studied perceived motion with potentially ambiguous patterns (see Koffka, 1935, pp.
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She also was the recipient of the Kurt Koffka Medaille from Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Germany for her work on perception and action.
This is in accordance with the Gestalt psychologists Wertheimer and Koffka (reviewed by Gregory (1987) and Goldstein (1989)) who posited that the arrangement of features in a picture or graphical image will influence the perceived thematic or group membership relations of elements.
Both implication and presupposition mirror the primarily visual patterns of perception that reveal the underlying innate disposition to separate the visual field into a figure, which is near and focused, and a ground, which lies behind the figure and is more diffuse (see Koffka 177 ff.