Koffka, Kurt(kŏf`kə, Ger. ko͝ort kôf`kä), 1886–1941, American psychologist, b. Germany, Ph.D. Univ. of Berlin, 1908. Before settling permanently in the United States in 1928 as a professor at Smith, he taught at Cornell and at the Univ. of Wisconsin. With Max Wertheimer and Wolfgang Köhler he is credited with developing the theories that gave rise to the school of GestaltGestalt
[Ger.,=form], school of psychology that interprets phenomena as organized wholes rather than as aggregates of distinct parts, maintaining that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
..... Click the link for more information. psychology. His book Growth of the Mind (1924) was considered responsible for awakening much interest in Gestalt concepts.
See his Principles of Gestalt Psychology (1935).
Born Mar. 18, 1886, in Berlin; died Nov. 22, 1941, in Northampton, Mass. German-American psychologist; one of the founders of gestalt psychology.
Koffka was a student of C. Stumpf. He became an assistant professor in 1911 and a professor in 1918 (to 1924) at the University of Giessen. In 1927 he became a professor at Smith College in Northampton, Mass. Together with M. Wertheimer and W. Köhler, Koffka published the journal Psychologische Forschungy, the principal organ of gestalt psychology. Lecturing in the USA and Great Britain during the early 1920’s, he played an important role in the worldwide popularization of gestalt psychology. His most important work, Principles of Gestalt Psychology (1935), is a fundamental summary of the achievements of the gestalt school. Koffka was the first of the gestalt psychologists to address himself to problems of the psychological development of the child (1921).
WORKSPrinciples of Gestalt Psychology, 3rd ed. New York, 1950.
In Russian translation: “Samonabliudenie i metod psikhologii.” In the anthology Problemy sovremennoi psikhologii. Moscow, 1926.
Osnovy psikhicheskogo razvitiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.
A. A. PUZYREI