Kondakov, Nikodim Pavlovich
Born Nov. 1 (13), 1844, in the village of Khalan’, Novyi Oskol District, Kursk Province; died Feb. 17, 1925, in Prague. Russian historian of Byzantine and ancient Russian art; academician of the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg (1898); full member of the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg (1893).
Kondakov studied at Moscow University from 1861 to 1865. He taught at the universities of Odessa (1870–88) and St. Petersburg (1888–1917). After 1920 he lived abroad, and from 1922 on he taught at the university in Prague. Kondakov developed an iconographic method of studying major artistic works. He analyzed primarily their typological features, as well as the social, cultural, and political reasons for these features.
WORKSIstoriia vizantiiskogo iskusstva i ikonografii po miniatiuram grecheskikh rukopisei. Odessa, 1876.
Vizantiiskie emali: Sobranie A. V. Zvenigorodskogo— Istoriia ipamiatniki vizantiiskoi emali. St. Petersburg, 1892.
Arkheologicheskoe puteshestvie po Sirii i Palestine. St. Petersburg, 1904. Ikonografiia Bogomateri, vols. 1–2. St. Petersburg, 1914–15.