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a state that existed on the lower course of the Congo River from about the 14th through the 18th centuries. The main inhabitants were the Bakongo.

According to legends, the Kongo state was founded by the chief Nimi-a-Lukeni, or Ntinu Wene, who entered the region leading a detachment of warriors from the area around the Kwango River. The Kongo state reached the summit of its power in the mid-15th century, ruling over several vassal states and chiefdoms, the Loango, Kakongo, and Ngojo on the northern bank of the Congo River and the N’Dongo on the territory of present-day northern Angola. The capital of the state, Mban-za-Kongo (modern Säo Salvador), was a major artisan center and the focal point of the country’s political life. The state was ruled by a king the manikongo, and a council of chiefs played an important role. Feudal relations developing at that time merged with institutions of the clan system; domestic slavery also existed.

The Portuguese began arriving in the area in the late 15th century. The raids of slave traders and the internecine strife fomented by the Portuguese led to the gradual decline of the state beginning in the second half of the 16th century. In 1570 the warlike Jagga tribes, who came from the heart of tropical Africa, destroyed the capital of the Kongo state. They were repulsed with Portuguese aid, but at the price of strengthening Portuguese influence in the country. Growing Portuguese domination and the arbitrary rule of the feudal chiefs provoked a large popular uprising under the leadership of Moula Matadi about 1587. Throughout the 17th century the Portuguese, who had allied themselves with the Jagga, waged numerous wars against the Kongo state, and by the mid-18th century the state had completely disintegrated into warring chiefdoms.


Orlova, A. S. Istoriia gosudarstva Kongo (XVI-XVII vv.). Moscow, 1968.
Ihle, A. Das alte Königreich Kongo. Leipzig, 1929.


References in periodicals archive ?
According to BDK, only by reinstating the Kingdom of Kongo can the region realise the large potential arising from its natural petroleum resources and access to ports.
Solar religion is the original form of the African traditional religion (ATR); thus the various trends of the ATR are the devolutions of the Kongo religion, the Bukongo.
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Ambassador abdul moneim has conveyed greetings of the President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al- Bashir to the President of the Democratic Republic of Kongo following the ceremonies of the handing over of credenticals, asserting the sudan keenness on enhancing the biletral relations between the two countries.
HRH Premier congratulates India and Kongo on National Days.
One and a half centuries later, in a context marked by the dilution of Kongo ethnicity in the Creole melting pot of Guadeloupe and in French culture, an extended family, the Massembos, continues to follow a heterogeneous rite inspired by Kongo ancestors who arrived around 1860.
Japan has sited three Aegis-class air defense ships - the Kongo, Myoko and Chokai - in Japanese territorial waters, to intercept the missile or any debris from it if it threatens Japanese territory, Kyodo news agency reported on Thursday.
Sources in the festival administration said that Rajasthan Police intelligence officials had claimed that the threat to Rushdie came from two underworld hit men who they identified as "Altaf Batli" and "Aslam Kongo.
IN A recent fight Cheick Kongo almost got knocked out - twice - but came back to KO his opponent in spectacular fashion, all inside three minutes.
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