Konrad Lorenz


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Lorenz, Konrad

(kôn`rät lôr`ĕnts), 1903–89, Austrian zoologist and ethologist. He received medical training at the Univ. of Vienna and spent two years at the medical school of Columbia Univ. He received a Ph.D. (1936) in zoology from the Univ. of Munich and subsequently taught at Vienna and Königsberg. For his work in establishing the science of ethology, particularly his studies concerning the organization of individual and group behavior patterns, Lorenz was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1973. He derived his insights into behavior from studying fish and birds, most extensively the greylag goose. With Oscar Heinroth, he discovered imprinting, an especially rapid and relatively irreversible learning process that occurs early in the individual's life. A central concept complementary to imprinting is the innate release mechanism, whereby organisms are genetically predisposed to be especially responsive to certain stimuli. Some of his views are expressed in the popular book On Aggression (tr. 1966). His assertion that aggressive impulses are to a degree innate, and the analogies he draws between human and animal behavior, have engendered considerable controversy. After World War II, a Max Planck Institute was established for Lorenz's group of students and coworkers in ethology. Lorenz is a foreign member of the Royal Society of London.

Lorenz, Konrad

 

Born Nov. 7, 1903, in Vienna. Austrian zoologist, ethologist, and animal psychologist.

Lorenz studied at New York University and the University of Vienna. Beginning in 1940, he was a professor in Konigsberg. In 1950 he became director of the Institute for the Physiology of Behavior of the Max Planck Society (Federal Republic of Germany) in Buldern (since 1955 in Seewiesen, Bavaria). Lorenz is one of the founders of the science of animal behavior—ethology. Together with N. Tinbergen he worked out the theory of instinctive behavior and its development in ontogenesis and phylogenesis. He has done basic research on early learning (imprinting) and its importance in shaping the behavior of adult animals and on the origin, development, and “ritualization” of expressive postures, body movements, and other forms of animal communication in phylogenesis. He has also studied the motivation of behavior and the interaction of the internal and external factors responsible for it. In a number of cases he has erroneously applied the biological laws of animal behavior to man and human society. Lorenz was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine in 1973.

WORKS

Das sogenannte Böse. Zur Naturgeschichte der Aggression. Vienna, 1963.
Über tierisches und menschliches Verhalten, vols. 1-2. Munich [1966].
Evolution and Modification of Behavior. Chicago, 1965.
In Russian translation:
Kol’tso tsaria Solomona. Moscow, 1970.
Chelovek nakhodit druga. Moscow, 1971.

K. E. FABRI

References in periodicals archive ?
Mario Bunge fue el primero de muchos visitantes ilustres que fueron invitados a la Konrad Lorenz por el Dr.
Translations of the seminal work of Konrad Lorenz and Niko Tinbergen on companionship in bird life, the comparative study of behavior, the nature of instinct, and of the relationship between taxes and instinct were made readily available.
Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz and Nikolaas Tinbergen (PhM)
La Revistas de Psicologia de la Konrad Lorenz Fundacion Universitaria exaltan el compromiso del Dr.
And at the Konrad Lorenz Institute in Austria, researchers interested in the learning behaviour of a community of greylag geese observe how adult greylags introduce their young to new sources of food.
While Zolo refuses an ontological nature, his argument rests strongly on a conception of "nature" found in the work of Konrad Lorenz and Arnold Gehlen.
Twenty-four adult female Wistar rats (240-270gr) obtained from the breeding colony at Fundacion Universitaria Konrad Lorenz were used in this study.
The study was carried out by an international team of scholars from The George Washington University, Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research in Austria, Indiana University and Atapuerca Research Team in Spain.
Luego de obtener su grado en Psicologia por la Universidad Nacional de Colombia en 1989, trabajo como docente en el area de neuroanatomia, psicologia fisiologica y neurofisiologia en programas de formacion en Psicologia, Fisioterapia y Fonoaudiologia en varias universidades en Bogota, destacandose entre ellas las Universidades Catolica de Colombia, Iberoamericana, Konrad Lorenz, Nacional de Colombia y de los Andes.
El que haga referencia a la violencia en terminos positivos --de acuerdo a Georges Sorel--, es de por si escandaloso e injustificable para el criterio humanista y el pacifismo del desarme ideologico, mas la violencia es un instinto esencial, segun estima Konrad Lorenz, y ha sido un punto de reflexion para los creadores en muy diversos campos.
I have previously referred to the late Professor Konrad Lorenz, the founder of the study of animal behaviour - ethology - at his research station in Vienna and his book, King Solomon's Ring.
Young males of the bearded tit grow hardly any so-called cloacal protuberance when isolated from females, report Andreas Sax and Herbert Hoi of the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Comparative Ethology in Vienna in the October Auk.