Köprülü

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Köprülü

(köprülü`), family of humble Albanian origin, several members of which served as grand vizier (chief executive officer) in the Ottoman Empire. The name is also spelled Kiuprili, Koprili, and Kuprili. Mehmed Köprülü, 1583–1661, became grand vizier of Muhammad IVMuhammad IV
or Mehmet IV,
1641–92, Ottoman sultan (1648–87). He was proclaimed sultan of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) by the corps of Janissaries after the deposition and murder of his father, Sultan Ibrahim.
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 in 1656. He reorganized the Ottoman fleet, conquered (1658) Transylvania, restored internal order (by executing dissidents), reformed the finances, and built forts along the Don and Dnieper rivers. During his vizierate the Ottoman Empire regained some of its former prestige and vitality. He was succeeded as vizier by his son Ahmed Köprülü, 1635–76. An able statesman and soldier, he took (1669) the last Venetian stronghold in Crete, but he was severely defeated (1664) by MontecucculiMontecucculi or Montecuccoli, Raimondo, conte di
, 1609–80, Italian military commander in the service of the Holy Roman Empire.
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 at Szentgotthárd in Hungary and suffered reverses in his campaigns against John III of Poland. Ahmed was succeeded as vizier by Kara Mustafa, his brother-in-law. Ahmed's brother, Mustafa Köprülü, 1637–91, became vizier in 1689, at a time when the Austrians and their allies were advancing victoriously into the Ottoman Empire. He continued his predecessors' administrative and fiscal reforms and improved the status of the Christian subjects. He drove the Austrians from Serbia but was killed in the battle of Slankamen. His cousin, Hüseyin Köprülü, d. 1702, became vizier after the Turkish defeat at Senta in 1697. Recognizing the exhaustion of Turkey, he negotiated a humiliating peace (see Karlowitz, Treaty ofKarlowitz, Treaty of
, 1699, peace treaty signed at Sremski Karlovci (Ger. Karlowitz), N Serbia. It was concluded between the Ottoman Empire on the one side and Austria, Poland, and Venice on the other.
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). He too was a reformer and patronized the arts and letters. Mustafa Köprülü's son, Numan Köprülü, d.1719, was vizier in 1710–11. Another son, Abdullah Köprülü, d. 1735, was acting vizier from 1723 until his death.

Köprülü

 

(Kuprili), a Turkish feudal dynasty. Among the members of the family who occupied the post of grand vizier in the Ottoman Empire from the second half of the 17th to the early 18th century were Mehmed (1656–61), Fazil Ahmed (1661–76), Kara Mustafa (1676–83), Fazil Mustafa (1689–91), and Huseyin (1697–1703).

References in periodicals archive ?
Koprulu in his contribution "Ottoman Turkish Literature" to the original Encyclopaedia of Islam (Leiden, 1913-36, 4: 945) (henceforth, EI).
It features three playable factions that battle for control of a region of space called the Koprulu Sector.
Then yet a second "gentlemen's agreement" between Tito, the Yugoslav supreme leader, and Turkey's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Fuat Koprulu.
Six projects are ongoing or about to start under the current, EU-funded phase, Ayios Andonios in Kythrea, Ayios Charalambos in Akanthou, Ayios Sozomenos in Davlos, Mathiatis mosque in the Nicosia district and Koprulu and Arnavut mosques in Limassol.
The Democratic Party (DP), founded by the Republican People's Party (CHP) opposition figures of Celal Bayar, Adnan Menderes, Fuat Koprulu and Refik Koraltan in 1946, took power in four short years.
Celal Bayar, Adnan Menderes, Refik Koraltan, and Professor Fuat Koprulu, were former members of the RPP.
34] Elmali M, Soylu K, Gulel O, Bayrak IK, Koprulu D, Diren HB.
Koprulu ve onun ekolunun surdurdugu Durkeimci sosyolojik bakis, "edebiyat sosyolojisi" gibi ayri bir kategoriye gerek duyulmadan edebiyat arastirmalarinin bir parcasi haline gelmistir.
Dale, however, seems to argue against the idea of an "Ottoman decline," pointing to the Sultanate of Women from 15681651 and the Sultanate of Viziers helmed by the Koprulu family from 1651-1691 as examples of a changing dynamic within the empire, as opposed to stasis or weakening over time.
net Portraits: Bring the Horde and Alliance rivalry to the far reaches of the Koprulu sector with exclusive Infested Orc and Night Elf Templar Battle.