Kublai Khan

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Kublai Khan

(ko͞o`blī kän), 1215–94, Mongol emperor, founder of the Yüan dynasty of China. From 1251 to 1259 he led military campaigns in S China. He succeeded (1260) his brother Mongke (Mangu) as khan of the empire that their grandfather Jenghiz KhanJenghiz Khan
or Genghis Khan
, Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy.
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 had founded. The empire reached its greatest territorial extent with Kublai's final defeat (1279) of the Sung dynasty of China; however, his campaigns against Japan (see kamikazekamikaze
[Jap.,=divine wind], the typhoon that destroyed Kublai Khan's fleet, foiling his invasion of Japan in 1281. In World War II the term was used for a Japanese suicide air force composed of fliers who crashed their bomb-laden planes into their targets, usually ships.
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), Myanmar, Vietnam, and Indonesia failed. Kublai's rule as the overlord of the Mongol empire was nominal except in Mongolia and China. He recruited men of all nations for his civil service, but only Mongols were permitted to hold the highest government posts. He promoted economic prosperity by rebuilding the Grand Canal, repairing public granaries, and extending highways. He fostered Chinese scholarship and arts. Although he favored Tibetan Buddhism (Lamaism), other religions (except Taoism) were tolerated. Kublai encouraged foreign commerce, and his magnificent capital at Cambuluc (now Beijing) was visited by several Europeans, notably Marco Polo, who described it. It was long thought to be the city Xanadu, featured in Coleridge's poem Kubla Khan. Kublai's name is also spelled Khubilai, Kubilai, Koublai, and Kubla.

Bibliography

See J. J. Saunders, The History of the Mongol Conquests (1971); M. Rossabi, Khubilai Khan (1988).

Kublai Khan

 

(Mongol posthumous title, Setsen Khan; Chinese temple name, Shih-tsu). Born Sept. 23, 1215; died Feb. 18, 1294, in what is now Peking. Fifth Mongol great khan (from 1260); grandson of Genghis Khan.

During the reign of the Mongol khan Mangu (1251–59), Kublai was made head of an army sent to complete the conquest of China. After Mangu’s death, he seized the throne. In 1260 he moved the capital from Karakorum to the city of K’aip’ing in China, and in 1264 he made Chungtu (now Peking) the capital. On Dec. 18, 1271, Kublai Khan gave his Mongol Dynasty the Chinese name Ta Yuan. In 1279 he completed the conquest of the empire of the Southern Sung, thereby extending his rule to all of China. Kublai Khan’s military expeditions to Japan in 1274 and 1281 and to Java in 1293 were unsuccessful, as were the campaigns of Mongol forces to Vietnam between 1257 and 1288 and to Burma between 1277 and 1287.

Kublai Khan

?1216--94, Mongol emperor of China: grandson of Genghis Khan. He completed his grandfather's conquest of China by overthrowing the Sung dynasty (1279) and founded the Yuan dynasty (1279--1368)
References in periodicals archive ?
In her book, published in October, Wood says that although Chinese sources of the period are littered with references to foreigners at the court of Kubla Khan, there is no mention of Marco Polo - or any Italians, for that matter.
Kubla Khan Cave is part of the Mole Creek Karst National Park, north of Cradle Mountain, Tasmania.
In this sense, Coleridge is said by Lowes to have written Kubla Khan and The Ancient Mariner as a result of his many readings in the field of travel literature, the material thus accumulated being "magically modified" in the "deep well of unconscious cerebration.
Not really, but you get the idea - it made some of our worst sink estates look like the pleasure dome Kubla Khan tried building in Xanadu but got turned down when the council deemed it too ostentatious.
Literary critics consider that the poem Kubla Khan, by Samuel Coleridge was inspired by the descriptions of Japanese gardens, that he probably had the chance to read in British magazines of the time, where the pleasing apect of the Japanese garden is key: with hedgerows, shrubs, blosoming trees, river channels, with arched bridges, pavilions, etc.
Chinese fishing nets are believed to have been introduced in Kochi by Chinese explorer Zheng He, from the court of the Kubla Khan.
De toda esa labor estan los libros de poesia El nombre de esta casa, La resistencia, Autorretrato a los 27 y Kubla Khan, del libro de cuentos Cocaina, del de ensayo Canibal.
Jennifer was chosen to go through to the next round after two stunning performances of Kubla Khan by Samuel Taylor Coleridge and The Colonel by Carolyn Forche.
The trend lines are obvious and alarming, but in addition we face a potentially explosive accelerant of which the president is probably blissfully unaware, as is perhaps even his secretary of the navy who, as he dutifully guts his force, travels with an entourage befitting Kubla Khan, or at least Kubla Khan, Jr.
Its text, which reads like an homage to Jack Vance and explicitly evokes Cordwainer Smith and Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Kubla Khan (1797), was written by an unidentified historian generations after Kal's quest, which has assumed great cultural importance on Heven.
This article illustrates the broad historicist dimensions of Kubla Khan and demystifies the textual magical elements responsible for its traditional account of imaginative and spiritual transcendence.
You can visit the farmhouse where he penned Kubla Khan, or the Bell Inn at Watchet where he began working on the Rime of the Ancient Mariner.