Kurdzhali

Kurdzhali

 

(Turkish kircali, literally “plains dweller”; from kir, “field,” “plain”), members of armed units that formed illegally in various regions of the Balkan Peninsula after the Russo-Turkish War of 1789–91. The Kurdzhali, made largely of landless peasants and déclassé elements, subjected the local population, especially the Bulgarians, to pillage and atrocities. They were used by Turkish separatist feudal lords in the struggle against the central authorities. At the beginning of the 19th century, they were crushed by the regular Turkish Army, and the survivors went into the hired service of various Turkish pashas (for example, Osman Pazvantoglu).


Kurdzhali

 

a territorial and administrative division in southern Bulgaria, along the Turkish border. Area, 4,000 sq km. Population, 300,000 (1970). Administrative center, Kurdzhali.

The district of Kurdzhali is located in the Eastern Rhodope Mountains, in the Arda basin. Its mining industry, nonferrous metallurgy, and hydraulic power engineering, which have developed since the advent of popular rule, are of importance for all of Bulgaria. In 1969, about 77 percent of the district’s total industrial output came from heavy industry. An ore beneficiation plant and a lead and zinc combine have been built in Kurdzhali to utilize local ores. Tobacco-growing (the high-quality oriental type) is Kurdzhali’s main agricultural concern, accounting for 20 percent of Bulgaria’s total tobacco crop. Most of the tobacco of Kurdzhali is exported.


Kurdzhali

 

a city in southern Bulgaria; the administrative center of the district of Kurdzhali. Population, 45,000 (1970).

Kurdzhali is the center of Bulgaria’s most important tobacco-growing region. The city’s major industries are tobacco and nonferrous metals production (with a lead-zinc combine, drawing from the local ores of the Rhodope Mountains).

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: Public transport of passengers on bus lines from the municipal, Regional and national transport schemes from the quota of the municipality of kurdzhali according to the route schedules.
Fully prepared are Vidin, Vratsa, Montana, Kurdzhali, Dobrich, Veliko Tarnovo and Silistra.
Some municipalities, such as Rousse, Shumen, Pleven, Stara Zagora, Plovdiv, Blagoevgrad, and Kurdzhali, had local ordinances curtailing religious practices that have not been changed to conform to the 2002 Denominations Act.
The billboards were placed in Plovdiv, Kurdzhali, Burgas and Varna - the cities with highest concentration of immigrants, according to the National Statistics Institute (NSI).
The number of tobacco growers in Bulgaria's Kurdzhali region has declined almost twofold in comparison to 2013.
In comparison to 2007, the actual debasement of income in the southern city Kurdzhali amounts to 33%, and in Sliven a 24%.
Gabrovo and Kurdzhali also maintain fairly low levels of inequality a 4.
Leaders of the DPS and GERB however settled the issue at a private meeting in a cafe in the city of Kurdzhali, Southern Bulgaria.
The Bulgarian Executive Environment Agency reported high pollution levels in Blagoevgrad, Burgas, Varna, Gorna Oryahovitsa, Vratsa, Pernik, Pleven, Lovech, Plovdiv, Ruse, Smolyan, Sofia, Dimitrovgrad and Kurdzhali.
Fifty officials of the special forces of the Forest Directorates and Forest Associations of Bulgariaas towns of Kurdzhali, Haskovo and Svilengrad, have gathered together pooling efforts to restrict the fire.
Lidl opened its first fourteen stores in Bulgaria at the end of November 2010, locating them in eleven cities - Sofia, Plovdiv, Varna, Stara Zagora, Pazardzhik, Sliven, Kurdzhali, Petrich, Montana, Lovech and Gabrovo.