Kwakiutl


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Kwakiutl

(kwä`kēo͞o'təl), group of closely related Native North Americans who inhabit N Vancouver Island and the adjacent mainland of British Columbia, Canada. They, together with the Nootka, their southern neighbors, make up the Wakashan branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). Kwakiutl culture was typical of the Northwest Coast area (including the custom of potlatchpotlatch
, ceremonial feast of the natives of the NW coast of North America, entailing the public distribution of property. The host and his relatives lavishly distributed gifts to invited guests, who were expected to accept any gifts offered with the understanding that at a
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). The ethnographer Franz BoasBoas, Franz
, 1858–1942, German-American anthropologist, b. Minden, Germany; Ph.D. Univ. of Kiel, 1881. He joined an expedition to Baffin Island in 1883 and initiated his fieldwork with observations of the Central Eskimos.
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 produced a significant number of ethnographic studies on the Kwakiutl. Numbering c.15,000 before European contact, they are now reduced to around 4,000 and are mainly engaged in fishing and farming.

Bibliography

See F. Boas, Kwakiutl Ethnography, ed. by H. F. Codere (1966); R. P. Rohner and E. C. Rohner, The Kwakiutl (1970).

Kwakiutl

 

an Indian tribe in the province of British Columbia in Canada. Population, approximately 4, 500 (1967, estimate).

The Kwakiutl are bilingual; they speak their own language, which belongs to the Wakashan language group, and English. At the time of the arrival of the Europeans in the 18th century, there were approximately 25, 000 Kwakiutl. They engaged primarily in fishing; private property relations were beginning to develop, and hereditary patriarchal slavery existed among them. The Kwakiutl created a distinctive culture and art. At the present time, the Kwakiutl live on reservations; most of them work in the fishing and timber industries. They are Protestants, although some of their ancient beliefs and cults have also been preserved.

REFERENCES

Narody Ameriki, vol. 1. Moscow, 1959.
Linguistic and Cultural Affiliations of Canadian Indian Bands. Ottawa, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also, his interest for the tribes in British Columbia (among which the Kwakiutl tribe especially attracted him: he visited it in 1889 and 1894), and in general for the tribes from the North Pacific region of the American continent, was to be a special and permanent one throughout his life, being directly connected with the "historical" method.
8) Los kwakiutl son un pueblo amerindio de la Columbia Britanica canadiense, reconocido en la antropologia del siglo xx por las celebraciones de intercambio de bienes por prestigio que terminaban a veces en manifestaciones de derroche, los llamados potlatch.
A raiz de los intercambios que se operan entre familias y entre clanes, los objetos cambian de manos, en ocasiones durante ciclos de intercambios rituales, circulares como en las islas Trobriand (el kula) o periodicas y reciprocas como entre los Kwakiutl de la costa noroeste americana (el Potlatch).
The authors cite everything from Easter Island statues to a Kwakiutl totem pole to a Siberian tale of a maid who takes a skull as her groom, to how Mary Shelley's Frankenstein prefigured Hesse's haunted bride.
Entre ellos se puede mencionar a Francis La Flesche, hijo de un jefe omaha; a James Murie, skidi pawnee; a George Hunt, kwakiutl, y a varios otros; que nos dejaron obras invaluables en las cuales aparecen textos en lenguas indigenas de todo tipo: mitos, cuentos, canciones, descripciones de rituales, de tecnicas diversas y hasta recetas de cocina.
A raiz de los intercambios que se operan entre familias y entre clanes, los objetos cambian de manos, en ocasiones durante ciclos de intercambios rituales, circulares como en las islas trobriandesas (el kula) o periodicas y reciprocas como entre los Kwakiutl de la costa noroeste americana (el Potlatch).
Las posibilidades que permitian observar y registrar filmicamente a otras gentes y lugares, llevaron a algunos cientificos sociales como Gregory Bateson (alumno de Haddon) y Margaret Mead (alumna de Franz Boas, quien ya usaba la camara cinematografica como instrumento de investigacion entre los Kwakiutl (Jure s.
As noted already, we owe the term 'house-based societies' or 'house societies' (societes a maison) to Levi-Strauss's well-known reanalysis (1982) of the social organization of the Kwakiutl.
Wherever one finds fully developed dries and states, such as Teotihuacan in Mexico, or even settled hierarchical chiefdoms, such as those of the Kwakiutl in western Canada, art seems more highly evolved.
Resonating like drumbeats in the forest are Vreeland's renderings of Carr's intrepid journeys deep into the wilderness, alone, armed with easel and paints, in search of the wild and the disappearing culture of Haida, Tlingit, Kwakiutl and others--the totem poles and decorated canoes, longhouses and menstrual huts.
com/) ; ou encore du peuple kwakiutl de Colombie-Britannique (http://www.
an investment), but, as for a Tlingit or Kwakiutl chief participating in a potlatch festival, the apotheosis bestowed by a commitment to expenditure that cows one's rivals and assures a triumphant outcome from 'the direct experience of competition, the challenge, the agonistic community of peers'.