Kyprianou, Spyros

Kyprianou, Spyros

(kēprēäno͞o), 1932–2002, Greek Cypriot political leader and president of Cyprus (1977–1988). He served (1960–72) as foreign minister, and opposed efforts by Athens to unify the island with Greece, which sparked a Turkish invasion (1974). In 1976 he was a founder of the Cypriot Democratic party. He succeeded Archbishop Makarios IIIMakarios III
, 1913–77, Orthodox Eastern archbishop and Cypriot statesman, first president of Cyprus (1960–77). Born Michael Mouskos, Makarios was elected bishop of Kition in 1948 and archbishop of Cyprus in 1950.
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 as president on the latter's death. He was reelected in 1983, but lost office in 1988 elections. He proved unable to negotiate an end to Cyprus's partition into Greek and Turkish sectors. Kyprianou again served in parliament after losing the presidency.

Kyprianou, Spyros

 

Born Oct. 28, 1932, in Limassol. Cypriot state figure.

After graduating from the law faculty at the University of Athens, Kyprianou studied law in London. Between 1954 and 1959 he represented on an unofficial basis the Greek community of Cyprus alternately in London and in New York. Kyprianou served as minister of foreign affairs of the Republic of Cyprus from 1960 to 1972. In September 1976 he was elected chairman of the House of Representatives, the country’s parliament. After the death of Archbishop Makarios on Aug. 3, 1977, he was made acting president. Kyprianou became president of the Republic of Cypruson Aug. 31, 1977.

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