La Marseillaise


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Marseillaise, La

 

a French revolutionary song and the French national anthem.

The music and lyrics of the “Marseillaise” were written by C. J. Rouget de Lisle in 1792, in Strasbourg. It was originally called “War Song for the Army of the Rhine.” It spread quickly in the Republican Army and reached Marseille, where it became known as the “March of the Men of Marseille,” or the “Marseillaise,” and was later brought to Paris. Banned during the Restoration and Second Empire, the Third Republic made it the national anthem; its musical text was officially established in 1887.

In Russia during the 1880’s and 1890’s, a revolutionary song based on the melody of the “Marseillaise” and known as the “Workers’ Marseillaise” became popular among workers and the intelligentsia. As a result of some intonational, rhythmical, and structural changes, it became in essence a new song. The text of the “Workers’ Marseillaise,” which is a separate poetic work in its own right, was written by P. L. Lavrov (published 1875 in the newspaper Vpered, no. 12, July 1); it has been performed with some alterations.

REFERENCES

Tiersot, J. Histoire de la “Marseillaise.” Paris, 1915.
Tiersot, J. Pesni i prazdnestva Frantsuzskoi revoliutsii. Moscow, 1933. Pages 81-92. (Translated from French.)
Dymshits, A. L. “O ’rabochikh marserezakh’.” Sovetskii forklor, 1936, nos. 4-5.
Biografii pesen. Moscow, 1965. (Collection of articles.)
References in periodicals archive ?
More than 70,000 fans in Tuesday night's crowd sang French national anthem La Marseillaise before Dele Alli and Wayne Rooney made it 2-0 for England.
The move follows England and France fans joining together to sing La Marseillaise at Tuesday's friendly international at Wembley.
Paris-based Racing, meanwhile, head to Llanelli to face the Scarlets, with a minute's silence and playing of La Marseillaise planned before kickoff.
A statement read: "Prior to kick-off on Saturday, players and match officials will gather around the centre circle for the French national anthem, La Marseillaise.
JOEY BARTON reckons the singing of La Marseillaise at all Premier League games this weekend should be a love song not a war cry.
Wembley lit up in the colours of the Tricolour and La Marseillaise was sung before Premier League games.
Heureusement qu'il avait applaudi la Marseillaise avant le coup d'envoi.
Before the game he had the chance to show solidarity with the country where he has spent so much of his life when La Marseillaise was played in tribute to the victims of the Paris terrorists attacks.
You don't hear La Marseillaise sung here all that often," says racing photographer Didier Dyga.
Even La Marseillaise lorded over the inferiority complex-inducing Flower of Scotland.
La Marseillaise, Greensleeves, In the Mood and Bach's Brandenburg concertos; 5.