Labiatae


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Labiatae

[‚lā·bē′ā‚tē]
(botany)
A large family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Lamiales; members are typically aromatic and usually herbaceous or merely shrubby.

Labiatae

 

or Lamiaceae, a family of dicotyledonous plants. They may be herbs, undershrubs, shrubs, and rarely lianas or small trees. The leaves are opposite or verticillate, simple, and without stipules. The flowers are in blossom clusters (only occasionally single) and as a rule are bisexual and irregular. The calyx is gamophyllous, with five petals and five serrations, or bilabiate, and with an expressed tube. The corolla is gamopetalous and for the most part bilabiate. There are four stamens (in two pairs), or more rarely two. The gynoecium is made up of two carpels; the gynoecium is superior and has four sections or four lobes; the fruit usually separates into four monospermous nutlike parts.

There are about 200 genera (3,500 species), which are found everywhere, especially in the Mediterranean area and in Southwest and Middle Asia. In the USSR there are 69 genera, represented by almost 1,000 species. Many Labiatae are rich in volatile oils; they are used in the perfume industry (for example, lavender and rosemary), in medicine (motherwort, mint, and basil), and sometimes in food, chiefly as condiments (marjoram and basil). Lallemantias and Perillas are cultivated for the production of industrial fatty oils. Many Labiatae are good producers of nectar.

REFERENCES

“Gubotsvetnye.” In Flora SSSR,vols. 20–21. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
Melchior, H. “Tubiflorae.” In A. Engler,Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien, 12th ed., vol. 2. Berlin, 1964.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
1 Rosmarinus 1 officinalis Indeterminable 1 Labiatae TOTAL FRAGMENTOS 10 6 3 1 6 ANALIZADOS TAXONES MUSTRA MUSTRA MUSTRA MUSTRA TOTAL 6 7 8 9 Ficus carica 3 6 Fabaceae 10 Monocotiledonea tp.
15,16 RA, a phenolic compound found in various Labiatae herbs,6 possesses several anti-inflammatory properties and anti-oxidant activities.
Colecciones recientes adelantadas en algunos sectores poco explorados de la cuenca media del rio Chicamocha, conocida como el Canon del Chicamocha y enmarcadas en proyectos de taxonomia, conservacion y bioprospeccion de Labiatae, permitieron localizar algunos taxones no descritos de esta familia que estan siendo objeto de estudio en la actualidad.
Basil (Ocimum basilicum), one of the most popular plants, a 'bridge' between medicine, food and tradition, is an annual plant of the Labiatae family, with a taste/flavour of sweet-spicy, spicy-hot.
Lamiaceae Salvia apiana Jepson ** Lamiaceae Salvia pachyphylla Epling ** Labiatae Marrubium vulgore L.
Six plant families with several representative species, Asteraceae, Cladophoraceae, Labiatae, Meliaceae, Oocystaceae and Rutaceae, appear to have the greatest potential for providing future mosquito control agents.
Use of an electrochemical method to evaluate the antioxidant activity of herb extracts from the Labiatae family, Food Chemistry, 97, 725-731, 2006.
Hyptis martiusii Benth (cidreira-do-campo) is a small shrub belonging to family Labiatae with a few pharmacological reports.
Coumarins contain the parent nucleus of benzo-[alpha]-pyrone and occur in plants of the families like Orchidaceae, Leguminaceae [1], Rutaceae, Umbellliferae and Labiatae.
Mentha, as it known botanically, belongs to a vast plant family called Labiatae (syn.