Labor Discipline

Discipline, Labor

 

the system of organizational relations, fixed by law and other social norms, within whose limits joint labor activity proceeds. The nature of labor discipline is determined by the type of relations of production. Under feudalism, labor discipline is based on outright coercion. In bourgeois society, where the worker is forced to sell his labor to the capitalist, labor discipline is compulsory in nature. The perpetual threat of dismissal, as well as dismissal itself, is employed as the basic measure to maintain labor discipline.

The socialist system creates a new labor discipline. “The communist organization of social labor, the first step toward which is socialism, rests and will do so more as time goes on, on the free and conscious discipline of the working people themselves” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 39, p. 14). Lenin directly linked the strengthening of labor discipline to the possibility of building socialism: he noted that “only the strictest organization and labor discipline will lead us to socialism” (ibid., vol. 36, p. 258). The combination of social and personal interests and the subordination of personal interests to social interests are the basis for socialist labor discipline.

The requirements of labor discipline in socialist society are obligatory for all workers. In the USSR the obligation to observe labor discipline is firmly established by the Constitution of 1936 (art. 130). The content of this obligation is given concrete form in labor legislation, the office and factory labor regulations, disciplinary codes, collective agreements, and occupational and technical instructions.

In the period of the construction of communism, the strengthening of labor discipline in the USSR is of enormous importance for the proper organization of labor and the education of conscientious citizens. The violation of labor discipline, even by individual workers, inflicts material harm on production and on the national economy of the USSR as a whole. Education in the new communist attitude toward labor and the formation and strengthening of conscious labor discipline constitutes a complex, protracted process. “To build a new labor discipline, to build new forms of social ties among people, to build new forms and means of enlisting people in work—that is the work of many years and decades” (Lenin, ibid., vol. 40, p. 316). In the USSR the high level of organization is characteristic for most workers with their socialist attitude toward work, but serious violations of labor discipline are still encountered; these are connected to surviving vestiges of the past in the consciousness of certain workers and are manifested in unconscientious attitudes toward work. The socialist nature of labor discipline in the USSR predetermines the methods by which that discipline is strengthened: the basic methods are those of persuasion, the development of socialist emulation, the consistent implementation of the socialist principle of material incentives, the establishment of privileges and preferences for workers who achieve success in their work, and measures of moral encouragement (honorable mention, awards, and so forth). Measures of social and disciplinary influence are applied to those who violate labor discipline. Collective means of influence, including censure at workers’ meetings and comrades’ courts, are widely used to deal with violators of labor discipline.

The persistent, day-to-day struggle to enhance socialist labor discipline is combined with constant concern for the improvement of labor conditions for workers; the rational organization of labor, production, and management; and the rapid introduction into production of the achievements of science and technology. In this way the conditions for strengthening labor discipline are created.

E. M. GERSHANOV and V. I. NIKITINSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
As a result of the investigation, head of the Nookat district division of the National Statistics Committee was fired for gross violation of employee labor discipline.
First of all, I have warned the head of the Belarus President Administration that we have problems (I do not know if they are big or small) and today we will make conclusions about the executive and, unfortunately, labor discipline of our civil servants.
The labor discipline is an objective condition, necessary and indispensable to every employer, in running his/her activity.
Despite the violation of labor discipline, the club did not lose hope of seeing him at Shakhtar.
of Pennsylvania) examines the spatial divisions and living conditions at the Nawon corporation in relation to the maintenance of the factory hierarchy; the new meanings of class, ethnic, and social differences that are created and maintained by the presence of the multinational factory; the process of labor discipline and the transformation of rural Han-Chinese women into industrial workers; the political implications of national and ethnic consciousness for the formation of the factory regime; tensions between the Korean management and local Chinese government officials over the operation of the factory; and the conditions that eventually led to a workers' strike.
They find political issues in any case, even in case of dismissal of NTRK workers who grossly violate labor discipline.
Policies are also being pursued to tighten labor discipline, prevent stealing and corruption, and strengthen tax collections.
During the Gilded Age, the American Bankers' Association, various industrial "employers associations," and cattlemen's associations were formed to pool financial and political resources for mutual property protection and labor discipline (Weiss, 1986; 1981).
Two bodies of nineteenth-century law highlighted this paradox: the law of labor discipline for slaves in the antebellum South and for free workers in the laissez-faire "Lochner era.
Worksheets were attached to a subsequent letter that purported to show labor discipline salaries that had been a part of the bid documents but had not been extended into the 78 weeks of contract performance.
The idea that the criminal justice system functions as a tool of labor discipline and a disposal mechanism for "surplus" people has been a staple of radical criminology for at least 30 years.
To deal effectively with labor discipline and workers' control, Burley looks at the HBC from both the perspectives of the London Committee in charge of the company and their managers in North America and the workers themselves.