Labor Force


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Labor Force

 

the total number of people who are physically capable of adequately participating in social labor. Owing to different socioeconomic conditions, the age limits defining the labor force in a country are in practice bound up with certain traditions and legal norms, that is, qualifications pertaining to, for example, age or education.

The percentage of the total population in the labor force depends on the population’s age structure. While in developing countries less than 50 percent of the population is in the labor force, the figure in developed capitalist countries reaches 65 percent. In worldwide statistics, it is accepted practice to take the years 15 and 64 as the lower and upper age limits. As of 1970, the labor force defined by these limits constituted 58.2 percent of the world population.

The concept of the labor force is close to that of labor resources, but the latter term takes into consideration not only age but also such factors as skills, qualifications, and the number of people in various occupations.

V. V. POKSHISHEVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
As chart 4 shows, Whites' share of the labor force is projected to decline somewhat, while shares of Blacks, Asians, and All other groups are projected to rise slightly over the 2016-26 decade.
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Lewis in the dual economic theory pointed out that the existence of a large number of rural surplus labors is the basic characteristics of the traditional agricultural sector in developing countries; industrialization is the essence through the developed city industrial sector relatively high wages, the surplus labor force behind the agricultural sector to attract City Industrial employment (Jabbour, 2014).
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6 percent of the labor force," said a survey on the Saudi labor force published in the 2012 bulletin of the Central Department of Statistics and Information.