Labor Legislation

Labor Legislation

 

the system of legal norms that regulates labor relationships and other relationships of a similar nature. Modern Soviet labor legislation sets high standards for working conditions and ensures that all employee rights are honored.

A particular feature of labor legislation in the USSR is the participation of trade unions in the setting of norms by the state in the area of labor and wages. The All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions and the republic trade union councils have been granted the right of legislative initiative. The country’s legislative and administrative bodies will not adopt any norms in the area of labor and wages without consultation with trade unions.

The system of Soviet labor legislation includes such pieces of All-Union labor legislation as the Principles of Labor Law of the USSR and the Union Republics (1970), the Law on State Pensions (1956, with later amendments), the Statute on the Procedure for Settling Labor Disputes (1974), and the decree On the Rights of Local Trade Union Committees (1971). In elaborating these laws, the Council of Ministers of the USSR adopted the Statute on Rules for Assigning and Paying State Pensions (1972) and the Rules for Calculating the Period of Continuous Employment (1973). Labor legislation also includes the legislation of the Union republics, mainly the codes of labor laws adopted in 1971–73, and the directives on labor and wages issued by various ministries and departments. A special place here is occupied by the directives on labor, wages, working hours, time off, work norms, and pensions issued by the State Committee on Labor and Wages. The committee’s most important acts are promulgated either jointly or by agreement with the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions. Rules established by management at the enterprise level with the agreement of the factory, plant, or local committee that reflect conditions peculiar to an enterprise or locality are also part of labor legislation.

The USSR’s system of labor legislation also includes acts of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions on collective agreements and social insurance and on the activities of technical inspection agencies.

The system of labor legislation contains norms applying to all employees and norms covering only certain categories of employees. The latter usually set forth exceptions from the general norms, areas of application of general norms, supplementary benefits (for example, for persons working in the Far North), and increased liability for certain categories of workers.

V. I. SMOLIARCHUK

References in classic literature ?
In the United States to-day, in spite of all your so- called labor legislation, there are three millions of child laborers.
Wahab-Allah, Secretary General for the Egyptian Labor Union, added that during the ILO conference, the tripartite delegation will emphasize that Egypt is much better than in previous years and is abiding by the international labor standards in all new labor legislation.
However, they reportedly said that the decision of their company was "sound" because it was based on approved labor legislation.
Other topics included strengthening the responsibility of business entities under a draft Commercial Code and the role of labor legislation in the fulfillment of state's social obligations.
Al-Rayes praised the excellent fraternal relations bonding Bahrain and Egypt, and reviewed the main laws and legislation in the labour field in Bahrain, including providing suitable labour environment and the government's keenness to constantly develop labor legislation to serve the national production process.
Every year, the Department of Labor's Wage and Hour Division (WHD) compiles information for and publishes a report on state labor legislation enacted throughout the year.
Reforms in labor legislation and also in sectors as retail are considered to be playing a positive role for recovery.
We eliminated the carte blanche lay-offs, determined certain criteria that employers need to honor when taking on new employees, rendered the policy and sanctions for a failure to report an employee stricter and made sure over-time work is registered and international standards are introduced in the labor legislation," Mitrevski stressed.
They cover the inception and relevance of international labor law, its relationship to economic competition, its standards within the constitutional framework of ILO, and the context of international labor legislation and its implementation.
For these purposes, the flexicurity strategy proposed by the European Commission has the following objectives: to render the labor contracts more flexible by modernizing the labor legislation and the collective negotiations; to apply comprehending strategies for permanent learning in order to provide the labor force's adjustment, especially for the most vulnerable categories; and to promote active policies on the labor market, which can result in the decrease of the unemployment level and to facilitate the transition towards a new job.
The UN International Labor Organization (ILO) is encouraging the drafting of labor legislation to provide foreign domestic workers (FDWs) in the Middle East with legal protection.
The OHCHR head also called for domestic workers to be included in the private sector labor legislation and given the same rights as other workers, as well as indicating that the OHCHR is willing to suggest strategies to facilitate the cancellation of the sponsorship system and its replacement with employment legislation to international standards.