House Mouse

(redirected from Laboratory mice)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

House Mouse

 

(Mus musculus), a mammal of the family Muridae of the order Rodentia. The body measures 7-10.8 cm long and the tail, 4.2-10.2 cm. The house mouse is distributed almost throughout the world, except the arctic and antarctic. It is a wild species of southern origin. It utilizes the foodstuffs and domiciles of man, as a result of which it has extended its natural area of distribution greatly, living almost everywhere. Under natural conditions it digs short simple burrows or uses those of other rodents. The female gives birth to five-seven offspring. The house mouse is omnivorous. Under favorable wintering conditions and when there is abundant food, massive reproduction is possible and its numbers increase enormously. It is a pest of grain crops and destroys and fouls foodstuffs. Further, it harbors the carriers of plague; in southern regions it is the chief source of human infection with tularemia. The house mouse served as the starting point for breeding pure strains of mice used in genetic and other experimental work as laboratory animals.

REFERENCES

Argiropulo, A. I. Semeistvo Muridaemyshi. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940. (Fauna SSSR. Mlekopytaiushchie, vol. 3, fasc. 5.)
Tupikova, N. V. “Ekologiia domovoi myshi srednei polosy SSSR.”
In Materialy k poznaniiu fauny i flory SSSR; fasc. 2: Fauna i ekologiia gryzunov. Moscow, 1947.
Freye, H. A., and H. Freye. Die Hausmaus. Wittenberg, 1960.

N. V. TUPIKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
A related study showed that the behavioral phenotype of germ-free mice can be altered by administering them gut bacteria from regular laboratory mice, or specific pathogen-free mice.
Kelley's 8-week test with 50 laboratory mice indicates that DHA protected against both CLA-induced insulin resistance and CLA-induced non-alcoholic fatty-liver disease.
A hormone that sharply reduces appetite, which researchers at Stanford University discovered last month, caused laboratory mice to eat half as much as usual.
They appeared to reduce DNA damage to the livers, lungs and kidneys of laboratory mice by up to 85 per cent.
Also included are presentations on persistent infection and suppression of host response by alphaviruses, subversive neuroinvasive strategy of rabies virus, neurovirulence and host factors in flavivirus encephalitis, regulation of apoptosis by viruses infecting insects, and Semliki Forest virus infection of laboratory mice as models to study the pathogenesis of viral encephalitis.
Tests show that the antibodies have managed to neutralise the Sars virus in laboratory mice.
To test the theory, the researchers gave a five-day course of antibiotics to normal laboratory mice to weaken naturally occurring bacteria in their gut.
In the mid-1970s, he and his co-workers at UCLA found that laboratory mice and rats deprived of a full food ration, but not vitamins, minerals, or other essential nutrients, lived longer and aged more slowly than similar animals who weren't calorie deprived.
On noticing an alarming increase in aneuploidy among laboratory mice after the detergent leached BPA from the plastics, the researchers set up several experiments to test the effects of the chemical compound.
A November 13th meeting of the New York Academy of Sciences (NYAS), cosponsored with Rockefeller University, examined using human embryonic stem cells in experiments with laboratory mice.
Monosodium glutamate (MSG) has been linked to loss of some vision in laboratory mice by researchers at Hirosaki University in Japan.
Jose Ribeiro's research team at NIAID, have used this knowledge to produce a vaccine that protects laboratory mice from serious infection when they are exposed to Leishmania major parasites (J.

Full browser ?