wrasse

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wrasse

(răs), common name for a member of the large family Labridae, brilliantly colored fishes found among rocks and kelp in tropical seas. Wrasses, related to the parrotfishesparrotfish,
common name for a member of a large group of colorful reef fishes of warm seas, resembling the wrasses but of a larger size. Long considered a separate family, Scaridae, they are now grouped as a subfamily, Scarinae, of Labridae (the wrasse family) by some
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 (which are included in the wrasse family by some authorities), feed on mollusks and are equipped with shell-crushing teeth in both the mouth and throat. The lips are fleshy, and some wrasses are able to extend the mouth and jaws forward to engulf their prey. Well known on the N Atlantic coast are the cunners (about 1 ft/30 cm long), which are useful scavengers. The tautog, or blackfish, an important food fish of the S New England coast, is a sluggish fish that hibernates in cold weather. Southern wrasses, found off the West Indies and Florida coasts, include the hogfish, a large, showy red fish with a piglike snout, and the puddingwife. The California sheepshead is a large wrasse reaching up to 3 ft (91 cm) and 30 lb (13.5 kg) and most abundant S of Monterey. The female is a dull red and the male is boldly patterned in crimson and black. The flesh of wrasses sometimes causes ciguatera poisoning in humans. Wrasses are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Labridae.

wrasse

any marine percoid fish of the family Labridae, of tropical and temperate seas, having thick lips, strong teeth, and usually a bright coloration: many are used as food fishes
References in periodicals archive ?
Cirrhilabrus bathyphilus, a new deep-dwelling labrid fish from the Coral Sea.
What the implications of differences in lapillal and sagittal increment counts are and whether sagittae or lapillae provide better estimates of PLDs has not been determined in that or any other species of labrid.
Estimates of adult and juvenile mortality for labrid fishes at One Tree Reef, Great Barrier Reef.
Transmission of force and velocity in the feeding mechanisms of labrid fishes (Teleostei, Perciformes).
Other freeloading species of fishes that have been observed following these two goatfishes include groupers of the genera Cephalopholis, Epinephelus, and Variola, larger species of the labrid genera Halichoeres and Thalassoma, turkeyfishes (Pterois spp.
A new tropical eastern Pacific labrid fish, Halichoeres discolor, endemic to Isla del Coco, Costa Rica.
California Sheephead, Semicossyphus pulcher, is a monandric protogynous hermaphrodite and a commercially and recreationally valuable labrid.
Camera (color), Ricardo Jacques Gale, Roby Breid; editor, Juliette Weifling; music, Ziad Rahbany; production designer; Sylvain Chauvelot; costume designer, Souraya Baghdadi; sound (Dolby SR), Nicholas Cantin, Dominique Gaboriau; associate producer; Anne Fleischl; assistant directors, Veronique Labrid, Dzovig Torikian.
To determine the temporal and spatial patterns of labrid recruitment to Barbados we censused and collected new recruits biweekly (every other week) during the spring of three consecutive years (1990-1992).
The reproductive biology of the southern California labrid fishes has been studied extensively in the past and has led to further study of their behavior and ecology.