wrasse

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wrasse

(răs), common name for a member of the large family Labridae, brilliantly colored fishes found among rocks and kelp in tropical seas. Wrasses, related to the parrotfishesparrotfish,
common name for a member of a large group of colorful reef fishes of warm seas, resembling the wrasses but of a larger size. Long considered a separate family, Scaridae, they are now grouped as a subfamily, Scarinae, of Labridae (the wrasse family) by some
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 (which are included in the wrasse family by some authorities), feed on mollusks and are equipped with shell-crushing teeth in both the mouth and throat. The lips are fleshy, and some wrasses are able to extend the mouth and jaws forward to engulf their prey. Well known on the N Atlantic coast are the cunners (about 1 ft/30 cm long), which are useful scavengers. The tautog, or blackfish, an important food fish of the S New England coast, is a sluggish fish that hibernates in cold weather. Southern wrasses, found off the West Indies and Florida coasts, include the hogfish, a large, showy red fish with a piglike snout, and the puddingwife. The California sheepshead is a large wrasse reaching up to 3 ft (91 cm) and 30 lb (13.5 kg) and most abundant S of Monterey. The female is a dull red and the male is boldly patterned in crimson and black. The flesh of wrasses sometimes causes ciguatera poisoning in humans. Wrasses are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Labridae.

wrasse

any marine percoid fish of the family Labridae, of tropical and temperate seas, having thick lips, strong teeth, and usually a bright coloration: many are used as food fishes
References in periodicals archive ?
Cirrhilabrus bathyphilus, a new deep-dwelling labrid fish from the Coral Sea.
Both are often closely followed by other efficient fish predators, especially carangids, the larger labrids, and serranids, to take advantage of the goatfish's skill in exposing prey.
California Sheephead, Semicossyphus pulcher (Ayres), is a commercially and recreationally valuable labrid found from Monterey Bay, California, to Cabo San Lucas, Mexico (Miller and Lea 1972).
The species of the labrid genus Paracheilinus Fourmanoir Roux-Esteve and Fourmanoir, 1955, commonly known as flasherwrasses, are a colourful component of Indo-Pacific coral reef fish assemblages.
A new Eastern Pacific labrid (Pisces), Decodon melasma, a geminate species of the western Atlantic D.
bathyphilus but the Efate Island labrid we believe is a subspecies of C.
and Tanaka, Hiroyuki: Cirrhilabrus naokoae, a new labrid fish from Indonesia.
Large-scale pattern of recruitment by the labrid, Semieossyphus pulcher: causes and implications.
Large Scale patterns of recruitment by the labrid Semicossyphus pulcher, causes and implications.
At least two other species found at Nusa Penida also have Japanese distributions including Apogon schlegeli Bleeker, 1854, and labrid Bodianus masudai Araga & Yoshino, 1975.