Labridae


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Labridae

[′lab·rə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The wrasses, a family of perciform fishes in the suborder Percoidei.

Labridae

 

Wrasses, a family of fish of the order Percomor-phi.

The coloring in abridae, especially in the males, is vivid (bright red, light blue, purple, or orange stripes and spots on a yellowish or green background) and changes according to conditions. The body length in the majority of the family’s species is 10–30 cm and the weight, approximately 250 g; some species (for example, Cheilinus undulatus) are as long as 1.8 m and weigh as much as 27 kg. About 50 genera are known (embracing 400 species), found near the shores of all tropical and subtropical seas, but a few species can be found along the European shores of the Atlantic as far as Norway and along the American shores as far as Cape Cod. Labridae are characteristic fauna of coral reefs. Their biology of reproduction is quite varied; some deposit their roe in nests of algae and guard it. The majority feed on benthos (mainly mollusks), but there are also herbivorous species. They are not of great commercial significance. In the Black and Azov seas of the USSR there are eight species, of the genera La-brus, Crenilabrus, Ctenolabrus, Symphodus, and Coris; the most common is the green wrasse Crenilabrus tinea.

A. A. SVETOVIDOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The first volume appeared as Volume 7 (Fowler and Bean, 1928), and covered the Pomacentridae, Labridae, and Callyodontidae (= Scaridae).
Checklist of the species of the families Labridae and Scaridae: an update.
Gerreidae, Sparidae, Haemulidae, Echeneidae, Labridae, Scorpaenidae).
X Serraniculus pumilio X Carangidae Chloroscombrus chrysurus X Decapterus punctatus X Lutjanidae Lutjanus campechanus Gerreidae Unidentified X Sciaenidae Cynoscion arenarius X X Cynoscion nothus X Larimus fasciatus X X Leiostomus xanthurus X X Micropogonias undulatus X X Sciaenops ocellatus Labridae Unidentified X Microdesmidae Microdesmus spp.
3): 1) negative electivity, large wild abundance (Pomacentridae, Labridae, Acanthuridae); 2) moderate positive electivity, moderate to large wild abundance (e.
Regarding diurnally active prey taxa, differential vulnerability may offer an explanation for divergent electivity among the abundant families Pomacentridae, Labridae, and Acanthuridae, and among moderately abundant families such as the Chaetodontidae and Scaridae.
The families represented by greatest number of species were Sciaenidae (nine), Serranidae (four), y Labridae (three).
Species of the family Labridae, which represents one of the largest and most speciose of all perciform families (comprising 82 genera and at least 600 species) are found in tropical and temperate coastal and continental shelf waters throughout the world (Westneat and Alfaro, 2005; Allen et al.
A key to species and life stages of wrasses, family Labridae, of California.
Aspects of the biology and ecology of six temperate reef fishes (Families: Labridae and Monacanthidae).