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Ladakh(lədäk`), region, 45,762 sq mi (118,524 sq km), E Kashmir, on the border of China. LehLeh
, town (1981 pop. 8,715), E Kashmir, N India. It is the capital of the Leh district in Indian-controlled Kashmir. It lies at an altitude of c.11,500 ft (3,500 m) and is one of the world's highest towns inhabited year-round.
..... Click the link for more information. is the chief town. Allied ethnologically and geographically with the Tibet region of China, the area has a predominantly Lamaist Buddhist population. It was nominally a dependency of Tibet. After 1531 it was invaded periodically by Muslims from Kashmir; it was annexed to Kashmir in the mid-19th cent. India has controlled the southern region of Ladakh since 1948, and Pakistan the northern half. The northeastern portion is now claimed by China, which in 1962 occupied the area despite Indian opposition.
a mountain range north of the Himalayas in the basin of the Upper Indus. Length, over 600 km; elevations reach 7,728 m (Mount Gurla Mandhata). Certain geographic literature considers the Ladakh system to be limited to the area of the range situated northwest of the Sutlej River valley with a maximum altitude of 6,332 m.
The range is chiefly composed of gneiss and granite along with sedimentary rock. Rocky, jagged summits predominate. The northeastern slopes are less precipitous than those of the southwest. Peneplains covered with moraines are found at altitudes of 5,500 to 5,700 m. Numerous snow patches and glaciers are encountered in the crest area. Sparse shrubs, low growths of willows, and cedars cover the southwest slopes. Cold deserts predominate on the northeastern slopes.