Coccinellidae

(redirected from Lady Bird)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Coccinellidae

[käk·sə′nel·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The ladybird beetles, a family of coleopteran insects in the superfamily Cucujoidea.

Coccinellidae

 

a family of beetles. The body is convex, rounded, or oval. The coloration consists of various combinations of red, yellow, white, and black, with mostly black spots on a light background, or, more rarely, the reverse. The body is usually 4 to 7 mm long. The beetles are easily noticed because of their bright “protective” coloration, which is the same in the larvae and pupae. When touched, they secrete drops of a caustic orange hemolymph from the knee joints. The beetles are inedible for the majority of insectivorous invertebrates. The beetles and larvae are predators and extremely voracious; they feed on aphids, scale insects, and other small insects. A few species are herbivorous. There are approximately 2,000 species. They are distributed in all the countries of the world; in the European part of the USSR there are about 80 species. The predatory species are useful, whereas several herbivorous species are harmful. For example, the melon ladybug (Epilachna chrysomelina) harms melon crops in the south of Russia, and the 28-spotted ladybug (E. vigintioctomaculata) damages potatoes in the Far East. Predatory ladybugs are used in combating scale insects. In Abkhazia, the imported Australian ladybug (Rodolia cardinalis) and Cryptolaemus mon-trouzieri suppressed the reproduction of the dangerous citrus crop pests, the fluted scale and the citrus mealybug, as well as the cushion scale. In the USSR local ladybugs are also used to combat aphids. Ladybugs are collected to be released where there are many aphids. The collection of ladybugs is facilitated by the fact that they often hibernate in large piles (under rocks and pulvinate shrubs, for example).

REFERENCES

Telenga, N. A. Biologicheskii metod bor’by s vrednymi nasekomymi (khishchnye koktsinellidy i ispol’zovanie ikh ν SSSR). Kiev, 1948.
Diadechko, N. P. Koktsinellidy Ukrainskoi SSR. Kiev, 1954.
Biologicheskaia bor’ba s vrednymi nasekomymi i sorniakami. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from English.)

N. N. PLAVIL’SHCHIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
30, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The achievements of Lady Bird Johnson were commemorated today with the dedication of the Lady Bird Johnson souvenir Forever stamps sheet.
The Lady Bird Johnson souvenir sheet features six stamps commemorating many of her beautification projects, a quote from the First Lady reflecting her belief that the environment is our common ground, and a black-and-white image of the First Lady taken from a family photograph shot in 1963 by Yoichi Okamoto.
The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas at Austin is a 279-acre public botanic garden with a strong research component dedicated to increasing the sustainable use and conservation of native landscapes.
Soaring roof planes unify the buildings and focus the orientation of the project toward Lady Bird Lake.
The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center will receive $100,000 to help fund the Central Texas Grassland Management Research and Demonstration Project to study the use of historical disturbance techniques, such as prescribed fire and simulated levels of grazing pressure, to help restore native prairie and savanna landscapes along a one-mile, public, handicap-accessible trail at the Wildflower Center.
Every aspect of Lady Bird Johnson Middle School is an opportunity for its students to learn firsthand the value of renewable energy and energy conservation.
I want to recognize Susan Reiff, who is the Executive Director of the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.
The Lady Bird Johnson Middle School, slated to open in the fall of 2011, will be the largest "net zero" middle school in the country at 150,000 square feet.
Working with experts from the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, park rangers help students explore park lands and learn about our wonderful native plants, like some of the ones that are here in front of me, and also about invasive and non-native plants.
First Bloom was launched in Austin, TX in October 2007 at the National Park Foundation Leadership Summit on Partnership and Philanthropy to honor the conservation legacy of NPF co-Founder Lady Bird Johnson.
First Bloom was created by the National Park Foundation to honor the conservation legacy of Lady Bird Johnson and connect it with the legacy of another First Lady, Mrs.
Lady Bird Johnson apparently figured that no trip to Iowa would be complete unless she saw corn.