Laforet, Carmen

Laforet, Carmen

(Carmen Laforet Díaz) (kär`mān läfōrĕt`), 1921–2004, Spanish writer, b. Barcelona. Her first novel, Nada (1945, tr. Andrea 1964), which describes the spiritual desolation of a country emerging from civil war, parallels some of her own experiences. Her other works, noted for their sensitivity and accuracy of observation, include La isla y los demonios [the island and the devils] (1952), La mujer nueva [the new woman] (1955), Grand Canary (tr. 1961), and La niña y otros relatos [the little girl and other stories] (1970).

Bibliography

See study by R. Johnson (1981).

Laforet, Carmen

 

Born Sept. 6, 1921, in Barcelona. Spanish writer.

Laforet studied philosophy, literature, and law at the universities of Barcelona and Madrid. Her first novel, Nothing (1944), depicted the disunity and spiritual crisis of the Spanish intelligentsia. Her work and the novels of C. J. Cela gave birth to the literature of tremendismo (from the Spanish tremendo, “terrible”). Laforet continued her first novel’s theme in Island and Demons (1952), which is based on recollections of her childhood in the Canary Islands. The novellas in the collection The Call (1954) and the novel The New Woman (1955) preach moral self-perfection in the spirit of militant Catholicism. Sunstroke (1963) is the first part of a novel trilogy about the formation of the personality of a young artist.

WORKS

Obras completas. Barcelona, 1957.
Mis páginas mejores. [Madrid, 1956.]
In Russian translation:
[Novelly.] In Ispanskaia novella XX v. Moscow [1965].
Nichto. Ostrov i demony. Introduction by I. Terterian. Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Terterian, I. Sovremennyi ispanskii roman. Moscow, 1972.
Illanes, A. G. La novelística de Carmen Laforet. [Madrid, 1971.]
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En este rico escenario trazado, se echa, con todo, en falta una mayor atencion a las escritoras que, aunque aparecen citadas, solo en algunos casos muy especificos --como los de Carmen Laforet, Carmen Martin Gaite, Ana Maria Matute y Ana Maria Moix-- son analizadas con minuciosidad, sin atenderse a la problematica especifica que las mujeres encontraban para escribir y para acceder al mercado editorial y a los circulos literarios en el periodo.
Freixas has included well-known, established authors whose work has moved into the twentieth-century canon--Carmen Laforet, Carmen Martin Gaite, Ana Maria Matute, Esther Tusquets, Soledad Puertolas--as well as younger writers, such as Almudena Grandes and Luisa Castro.
Catherine Davies's "Feminist writers in Spain since 1900: from political strategy to personal inquiry" is a useful survey from 1900-1999 that focuses on Carmen de Burgos, Margarita Nelken, Clara Campoamor, Federica Montseny, Carmen Laforet, Carmen Martin Gaite, Lidia Falcon, Monstserrat Roig, Esther Tusquets, and Rosa Montero.