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the language of the Laks, one of the literary languages of the Dagestan ASSR. Lak belongs to the Dagestan group of Caucasian (Ibero-Caucasian) languages. It is spoken in the Laka, Kuli, and Novaia Laka raions of the Dagestan ASSR, by approximately 82,200 people (1970 census).

Lak is divided into five main dialects. The Lak literary language is based on the Kumukh dialect. The phonetic structure of Lak is characterized by the presence of the labialized consonants [kƏv], [tsƏv], [t∫t∫v], and [kh’v], and by the phonemic contrast of simple and intensified consonants, which are distinguished by length and the absence of aspiration. Lak morphology is characterized by four grammatical classes. It has a multicase declensional system. Verbs are inflected for person. Tenses and moods are formed from a primary stem (the verb root with infixation) or from a secondary stem (from the infinitive). The simple sentence in Lak makes use of ergative, nominative, and dative constructions. In the eighth century, the Lak language began using loan-words from Armenian, Persian, and the Turkic languages. In Soviet times, Lak has borrowed vocabulary primarily from Russian. Lak had an alphabet based on Arabic script until 1928, when the alphabet was Romanized; in 1938 the Lak language adopted a writing system based on the Russian alphabet.


Zhirkov, L. I. Lakskii iazyk: Fonetika i morfologiia. Moscow, 1955.
Murkelinskii, G. B. “Lakskii iazyk.” In Iazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 4.Moscow, 1967.
Murkelinskii, G. B. Grammatika lakskogo iazyka, part 1.Makhachkala, 1971.
Murkelinskii, G. B. Russko-lakskii slovar’. Makhachkala, 1953.
Khaidakov, S. M. Laksko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, the Sindh government's objection that Lak has previously never been posted in Sindh and hence lacks experience about the "dynamics of this province" is "completely irrelevant" to his appointment as the IG and shows the "parochialism and provincialism of Sindh government", reads the letter, a copy of which is available with media.
The stunning pool area at |Ramada Khao Lak Resort, Thailand
The pool area as Ramada Khao Lak Resort in Thailand
The beach: Because the home extends past the Gulf setback line, the county mandated what Lak describes as "a slim list" of native plants to be placed on the western side of the residence.
Scuba diving and snorkeling are among the most popular activities available to people staying in the new Khao Lak Cassaway Resort, and the hotel even rents out bicycles to guests and residents so that they can explore the nearby area at their own pace.
Under the company's trial policy, Dak Lak coffee farmers would be insured for losses and extra costs (business interruption loss) caused by low levels of rainfall in the insured period.
It is noteworthy that female groups from both HAK and LAK consumed higher total numbers of servings of foods than their male counterparts.
Stand on the edge of the Indian Ocean in Khao Lak in Thailand and that feeling of awe is laced with the terrifying reality of what happened here on Boxing Day five years ago.
Tamashunas of Hudson, Patricia Vrobel of Salisbury and Cynthia Lak and husband, Ron, of Gastonia, N.
Even Khao Lak, the resort town north of Phuket where more than 4,000 people lost their lives, is once again bustling with locals and tourists enjoying shady coconut groves and crystalline emerald water washing over powdery golden shoals.
For countless hotel workers in the popular Thai tourist destinations of Phuket and Khao Lak, lives, homes and families have been devastated not only by the tsunami, but also by the unfair and exploitative treatment they receive from the hotels.
Sunday and boarded a bus for the nearby mainland resort Khao Lak to meet up with a Canadian friend he had not seen in four years.