Lake Victoria


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Victoria, Lake,

or

Victoria Nyanza

(nēăn`zə, nī–), largest lake of Africa and the world's second largest freshwater lake, c.26,830 sq mi (69,490 sq km), E central Africa, on the Uganda-Tanzania-Kenya border. Lake Victoria (c.255 mi/410 km long and c.155 mi/250 km wide) occupies a shallow depression (c.250 ft/75 m deep) on the Equatorial Plateau (alt. 3,725 ft/1,135 m) between two arms of the Great Rift ValleyGreat Rift Valley,
geological fault system of SW Asia and E Africa. It extends c.3,000 mi (4,830 km) from N Syria to central Mozambique. The northernmost extension runs S through Syria and Lebanon, the Jordan valley, the Dead Sea, and the Gulf of Aqaba.
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. It has an irregular shoreline and many small islands. Numerous streams, including the Kagera River, feed Lake Victoria, which is one of the chief headwater reservoirs of the Nile; the Victoria Nile drains the lake to the north. At the Nalubaale (Owen Falls) and Kiira dams on the Victoria Nile the lake's waters are used to generate hydroelectricity. The lake basin is densely populated and intensely cultivated, and the lake is an important fishery, but fish stocks and diversity have declined since the 1980s as a result of overfishing and the introduction of the Nile perch. Control of the Migingo IslandsMigingo Islands,
small, rocky islands in Lake Victoria, E Africa, off Kenya north of the Tanzanian border. The group consists of Migingo, Ugingo, and Pyramid Island. According to a boundary set by the British colonial powers in 1926, the islands are in Kenya, but the waters
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 and the surrounding fishing grounds has been a contentious issue between Uganda and Kenya in recent years. The lake has also suffered uncontrolled water hyacinth proliferation. Ships regularly call at lakeside towns, including Entebbe, Mwanza, Bukoba, and Kisumu. The first European to see Lake Victoria (originally called Ukerewe) was John SpekeSpeke, John Hanning
, 1827–64, English explorer in Africa. He joined Sir Richard Burton in his expeditions to Somaliland (1854) and to E central Africa (1857–59).
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, the British explorer, in 1858; Henry StanleyStanley, Sir Henry Morton,
1841–1904, Anglo-American journalist, explorer, and empire builder, b. Denbigh, Wales. He grew up in poverty and came to America as a worker on a ship, which he jumped (1858) in New Orleans.
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 explored the region in 1875.
References in periodicals archive ?
However the prevalence in some regions mainly in Lake Victoria Basin remain high at 38 percent, raising fear that this could derail efforts to eliminate the disease in the set period.
Aberdeen-based Wood Group PSN staff are bound for isolated communities in Lake Victoria, Africa, where people don't have even the most basic healthcare.
David Kalenuik, President and CEO of Lake Victoria expressed; "Based on the stage of development that the Company is at we will truly benefit with Dr.
As far as Lake Victoria Hotel is concerned business is actually getting a good net-return,' he added.
The Kericho district is located on the western side of the Great Rift Valley in a highland area near Lake Victoria (elevation 1,600-3,000 m above sea level) (Figure 1).
At Lake Victoria in Kenya OSRAM has launched a unique project for producing light away from a permanent power supply.
In Mwanza, close to Lake Victoria in the north west of Tanzania, John and Chris will be trying to encourage local leaders and Rotary members to take an overview of what needs to be done to provide a clean water supply and consider how common diseases can be prevented.
Lake Victoria is known for its abundance of fish, which are exported by local fisherman.
Water forms 50% of the country's borders, which include some of the deepest lakes in Africa--Lake Tanganyika, Lake Nyasa and the largest Lake Victoria.
What happens to the Mau, which feeds Lake Victoria and the White Nile, has big implications for a region where 23 million people are afflicted by a fifth year of drought.
Taxonomy, ecology and fishery of Lake Victoria haplochromine trophic groups.
Stretching more than 6,600 km from Lake Victoria to the Mediterranean, the Nile is a vital water and energy source for the nine countries through which it flows.