Lamiales


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Related to Lamiales: Sapindales, Solanales, Cucurbitales

Lamiales

[‚lā·mē′ā·lēz]
(botany)
An order of dicotyledonous plants in the subclass Asteridae marked by its characteristic gynoecium, consisting of usually two biovulate carpels, with each carpel divided between the ovules by a false partition, or with the two halves of the carpel seemingly wholly separate.
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A-[234], B-[12345], C-[23456], D-[01], E- [12], F-[02], G-[2345], H-[345], I-[124], J-[123], K-[012], L-[013], M-[13], N-[01234], O-[014], P-[123456], Q-[34], R-[03], S-[23], T- [45], U-[1234], V-[0123], W-[14], X-[24], Y-[15] Character 1 Paeoniaceae Paeonia 0 1 0 2 Vitaceae Vitis 0 0 0 -- Acanthaceae Avicennia Lamiales 0 0 D E Acanthaceae Acanthus Lamiales 0 1 D F Actinidiaceae Actinidia Ericales D 1 0 2 Adoxaceae Viburnum Dipsacales 0 0 D F Alseuosmiaceae Alseuosmia Asterales D 1 0 0 Apiaceae Apium Apiales D 0 D 2 Apocynaceae Alstonia Gentianales 0 1 0 D Aquifoliaceae Ilex Aquifoliales 1 0 0 2 Araliaceae Aralia Apiales D 0 0 2 Aralidiaceae Aralidium Apiales 1 ?
In Lamiales, the largest angiosperm clade with almost exclusively monosymmetric flowers, corolla and androecium are greatly and differentially affected.
In contrast, organisational (or organisational plus architectural) monosymmetry often characterizes species-rich families or orders with complex monosymmetric flowers (Fabaceae, Lamiales, Orchidaceae, Zingiberales).
Asymmetry based on modification of elaborate monosymmetry is present in some monocots (among Asparagales, Commelinales, and Zingiberales), some rosids (among Myrtales, and Fabales), and some asterids (among Lamiales, Asterales, and Dipsacales), and asymmetry by different anther height in otherwise polysymmetric, tubular flowers appears restricted to asterids (some Ericales, Gentianales, and Solanales).
The genetic system responsible for monosymmetry in Lamiales was at least partly established much before the origin of Lamiales, at least at the level of basal eudicots (Coen & Nugent, 1994; Cubas et al.
Phylogenesis of insect/plant interactions: Have Phyllobratica leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae) and the Lamiales diversified in parallel?
2005) for parts of Lamiales and Schonenberger et al.
Evolution of carnivory in Lentibulariaceae and the Lamiales.
5] GERANIALES Geraniaceae Pelargonium endlicherianum Fenzl [32] LAMIALES Acanthaceae Avicennia marina (Forssk.
2000) found weak support for Oncotheca as sister to the entire euasterid I dade of Gentianales, Lamiales, and Solanales (with Garryales subsequently sister to all of them).
A remarkable presence is found in very few species of the herbaceous Lentibulariaceae, which is found to take a relatively basal position in the Lamiales (Savolainen et al.