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Lanark(lăn`ərk, –ärk), town (1991 pop. 9,778), South Lanarkshire, S central Scotland, on the Clyde River. It has cattle markets and textile mills. There are hydroelectric power stations at the Falls of Clyde, just S of Lanark. Sir William WallaceWallace, Sir William,
1272?–1305, Scottish soldier and national hero. The first historical record of Wallace's activities concerns the burning of Lanark by Wallace and 30 men in May, 1297, and the slaying of the English sheriff, one of those whom Edward I of England had
..... Click the link for more information. 's first act of rebellion (1297) was the murder of the English sheriff of Lanark and the burning of the town. Robert OwenOwen, Robert,
1771–1858, British social reformer and socialist, pioneer in the cooperative movement. The son of a saddler, he had little formal education but was a zealous reader.
..... Click the link for more information. conducted industrial and social experiments at the nearby New Lanark mills, founded by his father-in-law, David DaleDale, David,
1739–1806, Scottish cotton manufacturer and philanthropist. In 1785 he built New Lanark, a cotton mill and model community that provided his employees with good housing and schools.
..... Click the link for more information. , in 1785.
Lanark,former county, Scotland: see LanarkshireLanarkshire
, former county, central Scotland. Lanarkshire became (1975) part of the Strathclyde region; when the region was dissolved (1996) the council areas of North and South Lanarkshire were created in part from the former territory of Lanarkshire.
..... Click the link for more information. .
a county in Great Britain, in Scotland. Area,.2,300 sq km; population, 1.5 million (1970). The city of Glasgow is its administrative center.