Land Code

Land Code

 

in the USSR, the basic form of the systematization of lartd legislation in the Union republics. The first Soviet land code—the land code of the RSFSR—was adopted on Oct. 30, 1922, at the fourth session of the ninth convocation of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and took effect on Dec. 1, 1922; V. I. Lenin supervised and directly participated in the drawing up of the code. The main goal of the land code was the regulation of land use by peasants. Between 1922 and 1929 similar land codes were adopted by other Union republics. With the transition to the complete collectivization of agriculture, the land codes of the Union republics lost their significance.

On the basis of the Basic Principles of Land Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics of 1968, new land codes came into force in all Union republics in 1970–71.

The Land Code of the RSFSR, consisting of 11 parts (140 articles), was adopted on July 1 and took effect on Dec. 1, 1970. Part 1 (General Provisions) states the goals of the land code, defines the scope of land legislation, establishes the fundamental provisions concerning state land ownership and the single state land fund, and correlates jurisdiction over the regulation of land relations in the USSR and in the RSFSR and its member autonomous soviet socialist republics. Part 1 also defines the procedure for allocating land to users, for withdrawing it for state or public needs, for using land for surveying and prospecting, and for compensating land users for losses. Finally, Part 1 establishes the rights and responsibilities of land users and the grounds for terminating the right to use land.

Parts 2 to 7 are devoted to questions of the legal treatment of the various categories of land: agricultural land, land for population centers, industries, transport, health resorts, national preserves, and other nonagricultural purposes, state forest land, state waters, and state reserve land. Part 8 deals with questions relating to the conducting of land surveys, Part 9 with state land tenure, Part 10 with the procedure for settling land disputes, and Part 11 with responsibility in the event of violations of land legislation.

N. A. KRASNOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Vologda OFAS believes that the draft municipal legal act contradicts the Land Code of the Russian Federation and No.
The main obstacle with this option is proving that the land is Miri land, especially since the court decided in several cases, including Alhwashleh, Alasad, Alasibi, and Aloqbi case, that all Bedouin lands are Mawat land because at the time the Ottoman Land Code was enacted in 1858 there were no permanent settlements in the Negev.
Among their topics are the Qadis' justice according to papyrological sources from the seventh to the tenth centuries CE, the delegation of judicial power in Abbasid Egypt, identifying the 'udul in 15th-century Granada, from trash to treasure: ethnographic notes on collecting legal documents in Morocco, and Western ownership of real estate and politics of law prior to the Land Code of 1876.
I am referring to the amendments to the Land Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan that ostensibly allow foreigners to acquire lands of Kazakhstan and own them.
The 2016 Aboriginal Business Hall of Fame Lifetime Achievement Award went to Whitecap Dakota First Nation Chief Darcy Bear, recognizing him for developing a financial management plan that led to the development of a self-governing land code.
The next chapter, "The Short End of the Stick," puts his community's involvement within the larger legal context of the Sarawak Forest and Land Code Ordinances.
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The first classification of the Ottoman lands being regarded as property dates back to the Land Code of 7 April 1858.
16) A Land Code is drafted by a committee representing the community and becomes the basic land law of the First Nations Key is that once ratified by a community, the same Land Code replaces all of the land management provisions of the Indian Act for that community.
The 1852--53 attempt by the Irish Attorney-General Joseph Napier to include compensation for improvements undertaken by tenants in a land code whose main effect was to make Irish land law strictly contractual was facing overwhelming hostility from Irish landlords even before it fell with the minority Conservative government's demise.
As Ekaterina Pravilova shows, for example, Russian officials in the Caucasus and Central Asia drew on French colonial experiences when they engaged with Muslim conceptions of land and property, but the Ottoman Land Code of 1858--which admittedly resembled the French Civil Code--was no less important and ultimately played a crucial role in legitimizing their efforts to claim property in conquered Muslim regions for the state.
The right to preferential, free and non-competitive access to the land widely used by indigenous peoples to continue their traditional economic activities in their homeland was eliminated after the amendments to the Land Code of the Russian Federation in 2004.