Land Code

Land Code


in the USSR, the basic form of the systematization of lartd legislation in the Union republics. The first Soviet land code—the land code of the RSFSR—was adopted on Oct. 30, 1922, at the fourth session of the ninth convocation of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and took effect on Dec. 1, 1922; V. I. Lenin supervised and directly participated in the drawing up of the code. The main goal of the land code was the regulation of land use by peasants. Between 1922 and 1929 similar land codes were adopted by other Union republics. With the transition to the complete collectivization of agriculture, the land codes of the Union republics lost their significance.

On the basis of the Basic Principles of Land Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics of 1968, new land codes came into force in all Union republics in 1970–71.

The Land Code of the RSFSR, consisting of 11 parts (140 articles), was adopted on July 1 and took effect on Dec. 1, 1970. Part 1 (General Provisions) states the goals of the land code, defines the scope of land legislation, establishes the fundamental provisions concerning state land ownership and the single state land fund, and correlates jurisdiction over the regulation of land relations in the USSR and in the RSFSR and its member autonomous soviet socialist republics. Part 1 also defines the procedure for allocating land to users, for withdrawing it for state or public needs, for using land for surveying and prospecting, and for compensating land users for losses. Finally, Part 1 establishes the rights and responsibilities of land users and the grounds for terminating the right to use land.

Parts 2 to 7 are devoted to questions of the legal treatment of the various categories of land: agricultural land, land for population centers, industries, transport, health resorts, national preserves, and other nonagricultural purposes, state forest land, state waters, and state reserve land. Part 8 deals with questions relating to the conducting of land surveys, Part 9 with state land tenure, Part 10 with the procedure for settling land disputes, and Part 11 with responsibility in the event of violations of land legislation.


References in periodicals archive ?
It seeks to operationalize the goals set at the level of a few national and international instruments of development (the PRSP, the Land Code, the National Water Strategy, MDGs, Water Code, National Agricultural Strategy (SAN) .
Another critical community vote is coming up in late March to approve a land code, which if passed.
The next chapter, "The Short End of the Stick," puts his community's involvement within the larger legal context of the Sarawak Forest and Land Code Ordinances.
According to the amendments to the Land Code the Ukrainian parliament passed on October 2[sup.
16) A Land Code is drafted by a committee representing the community and becomes the basic land law of the First Nations Key is that once ratified by a community, the same Land Code replaces all of the land management provisions of the Indian Act for that community.
Land Code Chapter 14 amendments to revise land use permit and zone change application review.
In 2003, the government introduced four codes - Forest Code, Land Code, Customs Code, and Water Code.
This rivalry essentially began during the British period -- a period of flux in property ownership, as transition occurred from the feudal traditions based on the Ottoman land code to modern property relations.
The Land Code (adopted in 1999, revised in 2001) mandated that all land inside city, towns, and villages, which is not state and not private, is in municipal ownership.
If the mediation is successful, Section 18 requires that the parties list the terms of their mediation in their separation agreement, with all relevant property transferred according to the rules set out in the Georgina Island land code.
The Land Code explicitly allows building a summer house on agricultural plots of certain types (a vegetable garden or a so-called dacha plot for a secondary country house), but the rules for allowing general construction on agricultural land are not clear.
In the last year, OCN has adopted a land code under the First Nations Land Management Act, with the intent "to utilize our lands to their maximum potential, including designation of land for residential housing market potential," Whitehead said.