Landrace

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Landrace

 

a specialized bacon breed of swine developed at the beginning of the 20th century in Denmark and brought to the USSR in 1948.

The trunk of the Landrace is torpedo-shaped; the head is small and the hams are well developed. The boars weigh 250–300 kg; the sows, 200–220 kg. The sows bear from ten to 12 young per farrow; milk production is 70–80 kg. When fattened for bacon, the young pigs weigh 100 kg at 189 days, the average daily gain being 707 g at 3.9 units of fodder per kg weight increase. The carcass is 55–56 percent meat, and the quality of the bacon is high. Purebred Landraces are raised in the Latvian SSR, the Lithuanian SSR and the Ukrainian SSR and in Novgorod, Kaluga, and other oblasts. The Landrace is used for commercial crossing with other breeds. The Danish Landrace is distributed in Sweden, Norway, Finland, Great Britain, the USA, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, and Brazil.

References in periodicals archive ?
Morphological and molecular characterization of common bean landraces and cultivars from the Caribbean.
Southwest China contains the main distribution of maize landraces in China.
Seeds of 5 cowpea landraces were collected from several areas across Algeria during years 2003, 2004, and 2005 [19].
Mention must be made that in Copalau 5 local landrace, besides yield losses, salt stress caused a significant qualitative demise.
In this study we analyzed archeological maize seeds associated with funerary remains from the site of San Lorenzo (1,500-700 BP (Munoz 2004)) and local modern maize landraces were analyzed for the short and highly variable region (microsatellite) present in the Adh2 gene.
These significant differences were observed in the LD30, followed by landraces 43, 44, 3 and 4 eight days after imposing water stress.
There was a marked variation in the leaf protein content, with the two landraces E and F, being among the treatments showing the highest mean protein values.
Eight improved germplasm from the Active Papaya Germplasm Bank (APGB) at Embrapa Cassava and Fruits, eleven varieties, one Brazilian hybrid, seven inbred lines and five landraces collected in the main producing regions of Bahia, were evaluated (Table 1).
The evolution of landraces in distinct agro-climatic regions demonstrates significant levels of variation in response to the selection pressure in the regions (Singh et al.
Though a rich diversity of bean landraces exists in this region, most of them are grown only for self consumption and comprehensive study on their nutraceutical potential has not been conducted so far.