lapwing

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lapwing,

common name for some members of the family Charadriidae, which includes the ploversplover
, common name for some members of the large family Charadriidae, shore birds, small to medium in size, found in ice-free lands all over the world. Plovers are plumpish wading birds with pigeonlike bills and strong markings of black or brown above with white below.
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. Lapwings are almost all inland or upland birds, found in all temperate and tropical regions except North America. The lapwing of Eurasia (Vanellus vanellus), also called the green plover or pewit, is a noisy and conspicuous bird distinguished by a strikingly upcurved, slender crest. Its back is an iridescent deep green, the crown and crest greenish black, the throat and upper breast black, the underparts white, and the tail coverts fawn. The lapwing has been much exploited in Europe for its flesh and eggs but is now protected by law. The name derives from the irregular lag of its wingbeats in flight. The "blacksmith" group of lapwings of Africa, with sharp spurs on the bend of the wings, are named for the metallic ring of their cries. Other lapwings of Africa, S Asia, and Malaya have prominent red or yellow wattles at the base of the bill, such as in the red-wattled lapwing, Lobivanellus indica. Lapwings nest on the ground in scooped-out shallow depressions lined with shells, pebbles, or vegetation; both sexes incubate and care for the young. Lapwings are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Charadriiformes, family Charadriidae.

Lapwing

 

(Vanellus vanellus), also green plover or pewit, a bird of the family Chardriidae of the suborder Limicolae. The body measures 30 cm in length, and the weight is approximately 200 g. The upper parts and breast are greenish, with a purple sheen. The lapwing is distributed in Europe and Asia. In the USSR it is found from the western border to Primor’e Krai; in Siberia it occurs only in the south. In the winter it is commonly found in Middle Asia and Transcaucasia. Lapwings nest in grassy marshes, pasturelands, or fields. The clutch contains four eggs, which are incubated primarily by the female for 27 to 29 days. The diet includes insects and other small invertebrates, as well as seeds.

lapwing

any of several plovers of the genus Vanellus, esp V. vanellus, typically having a crested head, wattles, and spurs
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2010 Alun won the Wales Nature and Farming Award for his work with the RSPB to save the lapwing population on the farm, increasing the number of pairs from two to 25 at the time of the award.
Lapwing are a firm focus for the trust as they were once a common farmland bird.
Lapwings, Loons and Lousy Jacks uncovers the stories behind the incredible diversity of bird names, explains what many scientific names actually mean and takes a look at the history of the system by which we name birds.
To halt the decline of lapwing and redshank, in particular, urgent intervention is needed to improve breeding success.
The lapwing Vanellus vanellus, belonging to the family of plovers, sports a distinctive spiky crest and is easily recognisable from afar by its predominant black and white plumage but upon closer inspection its upper parts are of a purple greenish metallic gloss.
Tree adult lapwings were observed defending this nest; the investigator was swooped by three birds while attending the nest.
In the spring birds like lapwing also perform dramatic aerial displays during which they swoop and plunge.
In autumn, we'll be digging out seven new scrapes, areas that are loved by our lapwings when they come to nest and feed their chicks.
Our local wildlife is already experiencing the impacts of climate change as drier and hotter summers mean that birds like house sparrows, song thrushes and snipe are finding it increasingly difficult to find food, and spring flooding is creating big problems for lapwings and curlews that nest on the ground.
Dr Peter Robertson, the RSPB's conservation manager for northern England, said: "It's a mixed story for Yorkshire, but the increases in farmlands birds like lapwing and skylark are extremely welcome as across the UK these birds are declining markedly.
Lapwings have been in huge decline in recent years and it's estimated that there's only around 1,700 breeding pairs left in Ulster.
The Commission acknowledges that this traditional practice is accompanied by positive measures such as care for nesting lapwings, but it is not satisfied that all the requirements for waivers are being met.