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Inflammation of the larynx and trachea.



simultaneous inflammation of the mucosae of the larynx and trachea.

Laryngotracheitis is caused by a viral infection. The condition is observed mainly in children. It is manifested by a severe cough, usually with abundant discharge of sputum. Laryngotracheitis is treated by applying warmth to the neck and mustard plasters to the chest, by drinking warm alkaline fluids with milk or by alkaline inhalation, and with hot foot baths. Medications are used as prescribed by a physician.

References in periodicals archive ?
His condition was initially treated as acute laryngotracheitis, and he was given salbutamol (albuterol) and budesonide by nebulizer.
A diagnosis of laryngeal oedema associated with laryngotracheitis was made.
Laryngotracheitis is the most common cause of upper airway obstruction in the infant population.
Waisman Y, Klein BL, Boenning DA, et al: Prospective, randomized study comparing L-epinephrine and racemic epinephrine in the treatment of laryngotracheitis.
Common poultry diseases of economic importance include coccidiosis, Marek's disease, infectious bursal disease, Newcastle disease, infectious bronchitis, hemorragic enteritis, mycoplasma, fowl pox, avian influenza and laryngotracheitis.
Here in Pennsylvania, the state requires vaccination for laryngotracheitis so I have never had to deal with this disease myself.
We used PCR to screen for DNA viruses (infectious laryngotracheitis [ILTV], Marek's disease virus [MDV], and chicken anemia virus [CAV]) and 2-step RT-PCR to screen for RNA viruses (NDV, infectious bronchitis virus [IBV], avian metapneumovirus [aMPV], and infectious bursal disease virus [IBDV]) as described (primers available on request).
Based on serologic evidence, Newcastle disease virus, infectious laryngotracheitis virus, infectious bronchitis virus, chicken anemia virus, and infectious bursal disease virus, as well as both Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae appear to be significant diseases of this population, and thus, we consider these backyard chickens potential reservoirs for these diseases.
Vectors such as the turkey herpesvirus, infectious laryngotracheitis virus, and adenoviruses are being used and could allow mass application of vaccine.
Contencin and Narcy reported a significant incidence of recurrent laryngotracheitis in patients who experienced more than six pha ryngeal episodes, (29) and Halstead suggested that more than 10 pharyngeal episodes within 24 hours are associated with respiratory difficulties.