His condition was initially treated as acute laryngotracheitis
, and he was given salbutamol (albuterol) and budesonide by nebulizer.
A diagnosis of laryngeal oedema associated with laryngotracheitis
is the most common cause of upper airway obstruction in the infant population.
Waisman Y, Klein BL, Boenning DA, et al: Prospective, randomized study comparing L-epinephrine and racemic epinephrine in the treatment of laryngotracheitis
Common poultry diseases of economic importance include coccidiosis, Marek's disease, infectious bursal disease, Newcastle disease, infectious bronchitis, hemorragic enteritis, mycoplasma, fowl pox, avian influenza and laryngotracheitis
Here in Pennsylvania, the state requires vaccination for laryngotracheitis
so I have never had to deal with this disease myself.
We used PCR to screen for DNA viruses (infectious laryngotracheitis
[ILTV], Marek's disease virus [MDV], and chicken anemia virus [CAV]) and 2-step RT-PCR to screen for RNA viruses (NDV, infectious bronchitis virus [IBV], avian metapneumovirus [aMPV], and infectious bursal disease virus [IBDV]) as described (primers available on request).
Based on serologic evidence, Newcastle disease virus, infectious laryngotracheitis
virus, infectious bronchitis virus, chicken anemia virus, and infectious bursal disease virus, as well as both Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae appear to be significant diseases of this population, and thus, we consider these backyard chickens potential reservoirs for these diseases.
Vectors such as the turkey herpesvirus, infectious laryngotracheitis
virus, and adenoviruses are being used and could allow mass application of vaccine.
Contencin and Narcy reported a significant incidence of recurrent laryngotracheitis
in patients who experienced more than six pha ryngeal episodes, (29) and Halstead suggested that more than 10 pharyngeal episodes within 24 hours are associated with respiratory difficulties.