Latin Alphabet

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Latin Alphabet


historically, a branch of the Etruscan alphabet, which in turn was derived from the Greek alphabet. It is generally taken to have come into being in the seventh century B.C. The letters were written first from right to left and, on alternate lines, from left to right (the boustrophedon). After the fourth century B.C. they were written from left to right. The names of the letters (bee, dee, ef, and so on), with the exception of yod, zeta, and upsilon, were not Greek or Semitic but rather were either borrowed from the Etruscans or were original inventions. The basic shapes of the letters were established in the first to fifth centuries A.D.

The original Latin alphabet consisted of 20 letters (A B C D E F H I K L M N O P Q R S K V X); the letter C was used to signify k or g, and the sound [k] could be written as C, K, or Q. In about 230 B.C. the letter G was introduced, and almost simultaneously the use of C, K, and Q was regulated: C was the most common representation of [k], Q was used before u, and K was retained in only a few words. The letters Y and Z were introduced at the beginning of the first century B.C. for words of Greek origin. Thus, the alphabet consisted of 23 characters. The regular use of the letters J (as opposed to I), U (as opposed to V), and W began only in the era of the Renaissance.

Beginning in the early Middle Ages, the Latin alphabet served many languages of Europe, and later it was also used for a number of languages of Africa, America, and Asia.


Diringer, D. Alfavit. Moscow, 1963. Pages 608–15. (Translated from English.)
Gelb, I. J. A Study of Writing. Chicago, 1963.
Jensen, H. Die Schrift. Berlin, 1969.


References in periodicals archive ?
In this regard, the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev changed the draft rules of the transition of the Kazakh language to the Latin alphabet.
And the 3rd stage is set for 2024-2025: the transition to Latin alphabet of the state bodies, educational organizations and state media is planned, said the Minister of Culture.
Provincial officials said the Latin alphabet had been used by "terrorist groups" and it was not to the benefit of the Islamic Republic of Iran to allow the publication of books written in the Latin alphabet, Rudaw reported.
Central Asian countries tended to adopt the Latin alphabet after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
He meticulously traces the processes by which Yucatec Maya, written in the Latin alphabet, evolved into multiple genres that cover a wide gamut from religious texts to mundane documents.
into the Latin alphabet by Stephen Payne, who had left Ireland
But, since I don't speak or write Arabic -- even though I do some work in Arabic -- I decided to develop my own Latin alphabet inspired by Arabic calligraphy.
Lithuanian, with moderate number of letters, distinguished from the basic Latin alphabet (letters QWX are not used, and 9 extra letters are used: ACEEISUUZ);
He excludes the seven-string Russian guitar, and limits his field to Europe and the US and to methods written in the Latin alphabet.
There are many reasons why SMSs in Bulgarian are written in ASCII (a stripped down version of the Latin alphabet, that has done away with any accented characters for the benefit of the easily confused) and many of these reasons are poor technical and interface design.
6 billion Internet users worldwide, more than half use languages that have scripts not based on the Latin alphabet, said The Times.