Latium


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Latium

(lā`shēəm), Ital. Lazio, region (1990 pop. 5,170,672), 6,642 sq mi (17,203 sq km), central Italy, extending from the Apennines westward to the Tyrrhenian Sea. RomeRome,
Ital. Roma, city (1991 pop. 2,775,250), capital of Italy and see of the pope, whose residence, Vatican City, is a sovereign state within the city of Rome. Rome is also the capital of Latium, a region of central Italy, and of Rome prov.
..... Click the link for more information.
 is the capital of the region, which is divided into Frosinone, Latina, Rieti, Rome, and Viterbo provs. (named for their capitals). The region is mostly hilly and mountainous, with a narrow coastal plain, much of which has been reclaimed in the 20th cent. (see Campagna di RomaCampagna di Roma
, low-lying region surrounding the city of Rome, c.800 sq mi (2,070 sq km), Campania, central Italy. A favorite residential area in Roman times, it was later largely abandoned for centuries because of the prevalence of malaria and the lack of sufficient water
..... Click the link for more information.
; Pontine MarshesPontine Marshes
, Ital. Pontina, low-lying region, c.300 sq mi (780 sq km), in S Latium, central Italy, between the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Apennine foothills; it is crossed by drainage canals. The Appian Way, a Roman-built road, passes through the region.
..... Click the link for more information.
). Agriculture forms the backbone of the regional economy; products include cereals, vegetables, grapes, olives, and fodder. Sheep and cattle are raised. Rome is Latium's main commercial, service, and industrial center. Industry in the region has been spurred (mid-20th cent.) by the construction of hydroelectric facilities on the Aniene and Liri rivers and a nuclear power plant at Latina. Manufactures include chemicals, cement, textiles, construction materials, and processed food. There is a large tourist industry, and fishing is pursued along the coast, especially at Civitavecchia, the region's chief port. In ancient times, Latium comprised a limited area E and S of the Tiber River that extended to the Alban Hills; only after it became part of Italy in 1870 did it approximately reach its present limits. In early Roman times Latium was inhabited by the Latins, the Etruscans (N of the Tiber River), and several Italic tribes. In the 3d cent. B.C., Rome subdued all of Latium. The fertile coastal plain became marshy, malaria-infested, and impoverished during the late Roman Empire and early Republic. After the fall of Rome, Latium was invaded in turn by the Visigoths, the Vandals, and the Lombards. From the 8th cent. the duchy of Rome, including most of modern Latium, belonged to the popes. Their authority was not always recognized in the towns, which were ruled at times as free communes or by local feudal lords. Except for the area S of Terracina, which belonged to the kingdom of Naples, Latium remained a part of the Papal States until 1870. In World War II, S Latium was the scene of bloody battles during the Allied drive on Rome (see CassinoCassino
, town (1991 pop. 32,787), in Latium, central Italy, in the Apennines, on the Rapido River. It is a commercial and agricultural center, and the site of a Fiat auto assembly plant. The peace between Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX was signed there in 1230.
..... Click the link for more information.
; AnzioAnzio
, Lat. Antium, town (1991 pop. 33,497), in Latium, central Italy, on the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is a seaside resort with a fishing industry. A Volscian town, it was captured by Rome in 341 B.C. and became a favorite resort of the Romans.
..... Click the link for more information.
). There are two universities in Rome, which is also the site of the Vatican.

Latium

an ancient territory in W central Italy, in modern Lazio, on the Tyrrhenian Sea: inhabited by the Latin people from the 10th century bc until dominated by Rome (4th century bc)
References in periodicals archive ?
Le texte reste a ce sujet imprecis; neanmoins, une telle interpretation aboutirait a une repartition des roles entre les trois Furies, au sein des trois livres ou elles interviennent : Tisiphone dans les Enfers (VI), Allecto semant la discorde dans le Latium (VII), et Megere infligeant la malediction finale (XII), dans une parfaite tripartition ou se refleterait le souci dequilibre caracteristique de la maniere virgilienne.
Without delay Allecto, Dripping venom deadly as the Gorgon's, Passed into Latium first and the high hall Of the Laurentine king.
Toubert, Les structures du Latium medieval: le Latium meridional et la Sabine du IX siecle (Rome, 1973), I-II.
Que Eneas nunca pisara o antigo Latium, e que menos, que exemplo de piedade a sua familia, o fora de traicao a sua Patria.
Celui-ci porte a Bartolomeo, son ancien ecuyer, le testament de son pere, le cardinal Ubaldi, lui leguant, ainsi qu'a sa soeur, la ville et la seigneurie de Ninfa, dans le Latium.
1969), Holloway, The Archaeology of Early Rome and Latium.
In the period when Sparta, Athens and other Greek cities-states were in zenith of their political power and cultural ascent, Rome was a rural settlement which gradually grew on moderately steep slopes of the Palatine hill in central Latium without any indications that it may become not only ruler of the Apennine Peninsula but of the entire known world.
Mundus, templum, urbs, ager, Latium, Italia, en Aufstieg und Niedergang der romischen Welt, II.
Rome and Latium were annexed after being captured by Italian forces, but Pope Pius IX chose to protest the loss of his lands by becoming a "prisoner in the Vatican," as did three popes after him.
Window and conservatory manufacturer Epwin Group, Cheltenham, has merged with PVC-u and PVC-ue manufacturer Latium Building Products, registered Cheltenham, operating from Lincolnshire, to form Epwin Holdings.
On the other side of the mountain range, on the western coast, are Tuscany, Latium, and Umbria.
Las diferencias mas importantes entre estos se daran por sus derechos: a) los latini veteres, termino que inicialmente designo a los habitantes de las ciudades del Latium confederadas con Roma, y luego se extendera a todos los latinos anteriores al ano 256 a.