Ernest Lavisse

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Lavisse, Ernest


Born Dec. 17, 1842, in Nouvion-en-Thiérache; died Aug. 18, 1922, in Paris. French historian. Member of the Académie Française (1892).

Lavisse graduated from the Ecole Normale Supérieure in 1865. He was a professor at the Sorbonne from 1888, and he directed the Ecole Normale Supérieure from 1904 to 1919.

After the defeat of France in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71, Lavisse devoted particular attention to the study of the history of Germany, primarily Prussia, seeking to discover the explanation of its military and political success. A historian of the bourgeois-liberal strain, Lavisse did not base his conclusions on the analysis of socioeconomic factors, but on the phenomena derived from them—in particular, the organization of higher education in Germany.

Lavisse was editor and coauthor of multivolume works on world history and the history of France. The Universal History From the Fourth Century to the Present, published under the joint editorship of Lavisse and A. Rambaud, became famous (vols. 1–12, 1893–1901). The first eight volumes were published in Russian translation under the same title (1897–1903); the remaining volumes of the French edition were published in Russian as The History of the Nineteenth Century (vols. 1–8, 2nd ed., 1938–39).


Etudes sur l’histoire de Prusse, 6th ed. Paris, 1912.
Essais sur l’Allemagne impériale. Paris, 1888.
La Jeunesse du grand Frédéric. Paris, 1916.
Histoire de France depuis les origines jusqu’à la Revolution, vols. 1–9. Paris, 1903–11. (Coauthor.)
Histoire de France contemporaine ..., vols. 1–10. Paris, 1920–22. (Coauthor.)
References in periodicals archive ?
71) Ernest Lavisse, Lecons preparatoires d'histoire de France avec recits a l'usage des commencants (Paris, 1876) et Emest Lavisse, Histoire de France-Cours elementaire (Paris, 1913).
L'engouement pour l'uniforme porte par de jeunes garcons paradant sur les affiches, sur les cartes postales, sur les images d'Epinal (70), ou sur les vignettes des manuels d'Ernest Lavisse (71) montrant des enfants appliques a rejouer les grands evenements de l'histoire francaise sont autant d'exemples qui assoient mieux encore cette idee.
Then, analysing the first experiments of the Belarusian Petit Lavisse writings, we can see that they try to present Belarusian national history as a complete process.
In an oft-quoted passage Ernest Lavisse described the pernicious results of the Falloux Law:
Lavisse was, of course, a teacher at the Lycee Henri-IV, on Victor Duruy's staff, and author of "History of France," the basic textbook for French schools, introduced in 1884 and used as late as the 1960s.
In "The Nation's Teacher," Pierre Lavisse explains how this professor, whom republican Charles Peguy despised so singularly, provided as no one else a kind of intellectual orthodoxy for the emerging Third Republic, which threaded its way between crisis and ideology on its path from one century to the next.
Even those who did not go as far as Lavisse and his counterparts in other countries agreed that students needed to have a sense of national identity and, better yet, of patriotism, which meant knowing something of their country's history and heritage, of visualizing its geography, of cherishing its culture.
1980-1992); Ernest Lavisse, Histoire de France depuis les origines jusques a la Revolution, 9 vols.
Finally, Den Boer provides biographical sketches of six famous patrons of French historical writing (Ernest Lavisse, Gabriel Monod, Alphonse Aulard, Charles Seignobos, Charles-Victor Langlois, and Henri Berr) and describes their important contributions to historical writing, especially in the historical journals they sponsored.