Also found in: Legal.
periodical publications that deal with theoretical and practical questions of law.
The first attempts to establish law journals in Russia were made in the early 19th century; for example, Zhurnal pravo-vedeniia (Journal of Jurisprudence) was published in 1812. Not until the second half of the 19th century did publication begin of Zhurnal Ministerstva iustitsii (Journal of the Ministry of Justice), which was issued regularly in St. Petersburg between 1859 and 1868. In the 1870’s law journals were started in Moscow and then in such cities as Odessa, Novgorod, and Tbilisi. The best known was Vremennik Demidovskogo iuridicheskogo litseiia (Chronicle of the Demidov Juridical Lycée), which was established in Yaroslavl between 1872 and 1914. Four journals were published in St. Petersburg: Zhurnal grazhdanskogo i torgovogo prava (Journal of Civil and Commercial Law; 1871–72), Zhurnal grazhdanskogo i ugolovnogo prava (Journal of Civil and Criminal Law; 1873–94), Zhurnal luridicheksogo obshchestva pri imp. SPB universitete (Journal of the Juridical Society of the Imperial University of St. Petersburg; 1894–98), and Vestnik prava (Journal of Law; 1899–1906). The journal Tiuremnyi vestnik (Prison Journal) was issued monthly from 1893 to 1917.
Journals published in Russia in the early 20th century included Vestnik prava i notariato (Journal of Law and the Notariat; 1908–17; called Vestnik prava from 1913), Voprosy prava (Problems of Law; 1910–12), Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava (Journal of Civil Law; 1913–17), and the weekly magazine Zhizn’ i sud (Life and the Court; 1911–17). The newspaper Pravo (Law) was published from 1898 until 1917.
The publication of Soviet law journals began in December 1917 with the first issue of the journal Vlast’ Sovetov (Power of the Soviets; 1917–38), which dealt with the tasks facing the Soviet legal system. Between 1918 and 1921 the People’s Commissariat of Justice published the journal Proletarskaia revoliutsiia i pravo (The Proletarian Revolution and Law). Many cities also published law journals during the Civil War. In 1922 and 1923 a number of journals began publication on a regular basis. Among them were Ezhenedel’nik sovetskoi iustitsii (Weekly of Soviet Justice; 1922–29), Sovetskoe pravo (Soviet Law; 1922–28), Pravo i zhizn’ (Law and Life; 1922–28), Administrativnyi vestnik (Administrative Journal; Moscow, 1922–30), Administrativnyi vestnik (Administrative Journal; Kharkov, 1922–26; in Ukrainian and Russian), and Vestnik sovetskoi iustitsii (Journal of Soviet Justice; Kharkov, 1923–30; in Ukrainian and Russian).
In the USSR today the most important law journals include Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo (Soviet State and Law; published under various names since 1927), Izvestiia Vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii: Pravovedenie (Proceedings of Higher Educational Institutions: Jurisprudence; since 1957), Sotsialisticheskaia zakonnost’ (Socialist Legality; since 1934), Sovetskaia iustitsiia (Soviet Justice; since 1922), Sovety narodnykh deputatov (Soviets of People’s Deputies; published since 1957; called Sovety deputatov trudiashchikhsia until November 1977), Chelovek i zakon (Man and the Law; since 1971; for nonspecialists), and Khoziaistvo i pravo (The Economy and Law; since 1977). Law journals published by universities include Vestnik MGU, series 12: Pravo (Journal of Moscow State University, series 12: Law; Moscow, since 1960), Vestnik LGU (Journal of Leningrad State University; Leningrad, since 1946), and Visnyk KGU: Seriia Pravo (Journal of Kiev State University: Law Series; Kiev, since 1967). Before special series for law were introduced, legal articles appeared in Vestnik MGU from 1946 and in Visnyk KGU from 1958.
Law journals are also published in the Union republics. These journals include Radians’ke pravo (Kiev, since 1958), Sabchota samartali (Tbilisi, since 1957), Sosialist ganunchulughu (Baku, since 1966), Socialistine teise (Vilnius, since 1968), and Nóuko-gude öigus (Tallinn, since 1967; published in Russian as Sovetskoe pravo).
Most of the law journals in the socialist countries began publication after 1945, although a few were published before World War II. A list of law journals in the socialist countries follows.
Godishnik na Sofiiskiia universitet: Iuridicheski fakultet (Sofia, since 1905)
Izvestiia na Instituto za pravni nauki (Sofia, annually since 1950)
Narodni suveti (Sofia, since 1948)
Pravna misul (Sofia, since 1957)
Sotsialistichesko pravo (Sofia, since 1946)
Revista cubana de derecho (Havana, since 1972)
Arbitrážni praxe (Prague, since 1961)
Hospodářské právo (Prague, since 1967)
Právnéhistorické studie (Prague, annually since 1955)
Právník (Prague, since 1861)
Právny obzor (Bratislava, since 1917; in Slovak)
Prokuratura (Prague, since 1971)
Socialistická zákonnost (Prague, since 1953)
Socialistické súdnictvo (Bratislava, since 1949; in Slovak)
Správní právo (Prague, since 1968)
Stát a právo (Prague, annually since 1956)
German Democratic Republic
Arbeit und Arbeitsrecht (Berlin, since 1946)
Neue Justiz (Berlin, since 1947)
Staat and Recht (Berlin, since 1952)
Acta juridica (Budapest, since 1959; text in English, French, German, or Russian)
Állam és igazgatás (Budapest, since 1949)
Állam- és jogtudomány (Budapest, since 1957)
Jogtudományi közlöny (Budapest, since 1946)
Magyar jog (Budapest, since 1954)
Obzor vengerskogo prava (Budapest, since 1952; in Russian)
Mongolian People’s Republic
Ardyn tör (Ulan Bator, since 1969)
Ediin zasag, erkhiin asuudal (Ulan Bator, since 1961)
Tör erkhiin asuudal (Ulan Bator, since 1956)
Czasopismo prawnohistoryczne (Poznań, since 1948)
Nowe prawo (Warsaw, since 1945)
Palestra (Warsaw, since 1957)
Państwo i prawo (Warsaw, since 1946)
Problemy wymiaru sprawiedliwosości (since 1973)
Ruch prawniczy, ekonomiczny i socjologiczny (Poznań, since 1921)
Revista română de drept (Bucharest, since 1945)
Revue roumaine des sciences sociales: Série de sciences juridiques (Bucharest, since 1957)
Revue roumaine d’études Internationales (Bucharest, since 1967)
Studii şi cercetări juridice (Bucharest, since 1956)
Luat hoc (Hanoi, since 1973)
Anali pravnog fakulteta u Beogradu (Belgrade, since 1953)
Arhiv za pravne i društvene nauke (Belgrade, 1906–14, 1920–41, and since 1945)
Naša zakonitost (Zagreb, since 1947)
Pravna misao (Sarajevo, since 1969)
Pravna misla (Skopje, since 1952)
Pravnik (Ljubljana, since 1946)
Pravni zbornik (Titograd, since 1933)
Pravni život (Belgrade, since 1952)
Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu (Zagreb, since 1948)
Many law journals are also published in the capitalist countries. These include general theoretical journals and specialized journals that deal with particular branches of law and problems of jurisprudence. A list of the best-known law journals published in the European capitalist countries follows.
Juristische Bläter (Vienna, since 1872)
Ósterreichische Juristen-Zeitung (Vienna, since 1946)
Revue de droit international et de droit comparé (Brussels, since 1908)
Federal Republic of Germany
Archiv des öffentlichen Rechts (Tübingen, since 1886)
Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie (Berlin-Leipzig, since 1907)
Datenverarbeitung im Recht (since 1972)
Der Staat (since 1962)
Die öffentliche Verwaltung (Stuttgart, since 1948)
Juristenzeitung (Tübingen, since 1946)
Neue juristische Wochenschrift (Munich, since 1947)
Rabels Zeitschrift für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht (Tubingen, since 1927)
Recueil Dalloz-Sirey (Paris, since 1845)
Revue de science criminelle el de droit pénal comparé (Paris, since 1936)
Revue française de science politique (Paris, since 1951)
Revue générale de droit international public (Paris, since 1894)
Revue historique de droit français et étranger (Paris, since 1855)
Revue internationale de droit comparé (Paris, since 1869)
Revue trimestrielle de droit civil (Paris, since 1902)
Modern Law Review (London, since 1937)
The New Law Journal (London, since 1822)
Jus (Milan, since 1950)
Systema (Turin, since 1972; an international law journal for legal information in English, Italian, and French)
Le Droit d’auteur (Paris-Bern-Geneva, since 1888)
Zeitschrift für schweizerisches Recht (Basel, since 1852)
Law journals are published in each state of the USA. A list of the most important ones follows.
American Bar Association Journal (Chicago, since 1915)
Harvard Law Review (Cambridge, since 1887)
Jurimetrics Journal (Chicago, since 1959; called Modern Uses of Logic in Law until 1966)
New York University Law Review (New York, since 1924)
Certain international organizations also publish law journals. For example, the International Labor Organization publishes Revue Internationale du travail (Geneva, since 1921), and the International Association of Democratic Lawyers publishes Revue de droit contemporain (Brussels, since 1954).
REFERENCESLisovskii, N. M., comp. Bibliografiia russkoi periodicheskoi pechati, 1703–1900. Petrograd, 1915.
Beliaeva, L. N., M. K. Zinov’eva, and M. M. Nikoforov. Bibliografiia periodicheskikh izdanii Rossii, 1901–1916, vols. 1–4. Leningrad, 1958–61.
Periodicheskaia pechat’ SSSR, 1917–1949, fasc. 1. Moscow, 1958. Pages 160–94.
E. A. PRIANISHNIKOV