Lazarillo de Tormes


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Lazarillo de Tormes

 

(full title, The Life of Lazarillo of Tormes, His Fortunes and Adversities; La vida de Lazarillo de Tormes y de sus fortunas y adversidades), a Spanish novella published anonymously in Burgos, Alcalá de Henares, and Antwerp in 1554. It depicted the fate of a boy who involuntarily became a rogue in his harsh struggle with poverty and hunger.

One of the most vivid works of Renaissance literature, Lazarillo de Tormes laid the foundation for the picaresque novel, which was a source for the European realistic novel. The novella was banned by the Inquisition in 1559, and from 1573 until the early 19th century it was published in Spain in a “corrected” version. The anonymous Second Part of Lazarillo de Tormes, inferior to the first artistically, appeared in 1555. In 1620, Juan de Luna published a new second part that intensified the book’s anticlerical satire. Continuations and imitations of Lazarillo appeared until the mid-20th century. The novella was first published in Russian in 1775.

PUBLICATIONS

In Russian translation:
Zhizn ‘Lasaril’o s Tormesa, ego nevzgody i zlokliucheniia. [Translation and introduction by K. N. Derzhavin.] Moscow, 1955.

REFERENCES

González Palencia, A. Del “lazarillo” a Quevedo. Madrid, 1946.
Siebenmann, G. Über Sprache und Stil im “Lazarillo de Tormes.” Bern, 1953.
Macaya Lahmann, E. Bibliografía del “Lazarillo de Tormes.” San José, Costa Rica, 1935.

V. K. IASNYI

Lazarillo de Tormes

16th-century picaresque novel about a runaway youth who lives by his wits serving, in succession, a blind beggar and several unworthy ecclesiastics. [Span. Lit.: Haydn & Fuller, 415]
References in periodicals archive ?
ESTE trabajo se ocupa de analizar la mas reciente version cinematografica que ha merecido el Lazarillo de Tormes (1554) en el cine espanol: Lazaro de Tormes (2001) de Fernando Fernan-Gomez.
Scholars of Spanish literature offer new perspectives on the anonymous picaresque novel La Vida de Lazarillo de Tormes, first published in 1555 and considered one of the literary treasures of Spain's Golden Age.
Lazarillo de Tormes sets up one of the genre's main characteristics by drawing attention to the child's degraded family origins: born to a thief and a prostitute, Lazarillo attempts to cover up his parents' behavior by ironically portraying them in the best possible light.
Approaches to Teaching Lazarillo de Tormes and the Picaresque Tradition.
His imaginary portraits of the Greek writers Aesop and Menippus and the court buffoons that he knew in person all bring to mind concepts encountered in the most popular Spanish golden age novels and plays: La Celestina, La vida de Lazarillo de Tormes, Guzman de Alfarache and La vida y hechos de Estebanillo de Gonzalez the work of Cervantes and the poets Quevedo and Gongora, the playwrights Lope de Vega and Velazquez's contemporary at court, Calderon de la Barca, among others.
Cervantes in the Middle: Realism and Reality in the Spanish Novel from Lazarillo de Tormes to Niebla.
The 1554 masterpiece Lazarillo de Tormes (written by an anonymous figure thought to be a converso) presents precisely the violation that interests Aridjis, and in a form which provided the perfect template for Aridjis's 1985 novel.
Goya's painting Lazarillo de Tormes (1819), also known as el Garrotillo (Figure), shows a child suffering from diphtheria and the man attending him.
Starting with Lazarillo de Tormes, autobiographical fiction has had a long and successful history in Hispanic literature.
Esta poesia erotica de frailes, de la que tenemos numerosos ejemplos, se construye a traves de precisos topicos tematicos y de juegos semanticos recurrentes que crean un verdadero sistema de correspondencias intertextuales y que, como se vera, hasta llegan a aclarar algunos terminos clave del IV Tratado del Lazarillo de Tormes, obra repleta de motivos populares y folkloricos.
of Miami) compiles 18 essays on approaches to teaching Lazarillo de Tormes (1554) and related works of the picaresque tradition at the undergraduate level.