Osteochondrosis

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osteochondrosis

[‚äs·tē·ō‚kän′drō·səs]
(medicine)
A disease characterized by avascular necrosis of ossification centers followed by regeneration. Also known as Calvé's disease; Kienböck's disease; Köhler's disease; Osgood-Schlatter disease; Scheuermann's disease.

Osteochondrosis

 

any one of a group of primarily inflammatory diseases of the subcartilaginous portions of long tubular bones and apophyses of short bones of the skeleton that result from specific suppurative infections, for example, tuberculosis, or—less commonly—nonspecific suppurative infections of bones and joints. Osteochondrosis can be provoked by colds and microtraumas caused by physical overexertion. In severe cases, all the bones and joints may be affected. Noninflammatory changes in bones and joints can also be classified as osteochondroses.

The clinical symptoms of osteochondrosis are pain and limited movements in the affected joints. The disease can be detected by roentgenographic examination, but no specific treatment exists. Rest and immobilization in a functionally correct position serve to prevent bone deformities, while the pain can be diminished by heat applications and treatment in a health resort.

References in periodicals archive ?
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, Part II: Prospective multicenter study of the effect of treatment on outcome.
Maternal smoking during pregnancy, other prenatal and perinatal factors, and the risk of Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease, Pediatrics.
Inherited risk factors for thrombophilia among children with Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.
The role of inherited thrombotic disorders in the etiology of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.
The etiology of these lesions can arise from a multitude of causes, including trauma, developmental dysplasia, femoroacetabular impingement, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, and osteonecrosis.
Several investigators have shown relative success in hip resurfacing for patients exhibiting childhood disorders, including developmental dysplasia of the hip, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, and Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, (8-9) while others have shown disappointing results, specifically in the placement and longevity of the femoral component in such cases.