Joachim Lelewel

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Joachim Lelewel
Birthday
BirthplaceWarsaw, Poland
Died
NationalityPolish
Occupation
Historian, bibliographer

Lelewel, Joachim

 

Born Mar. 22, 1786, in Warsaw; died May 29, 1861, in Paris. Polish historian and public figure. Graduated in 1808 from the University of Vilnius, where he held the chair of history from 1815 to 1818 and 1821 to 1824.

After the exposure of the Philomats and Philarets (secret student societies), Lelewel was dismissed from his teaching post on the grounds of having been the societies’ ideological mentor. He moved to Warsaw and made contact with secret Polish patriotic organizations. In 1828 he was elected a deputy to the Sejm. At the outset of the Polish Uprising of 1830–31, Lelewel, a wellknown ideologist of the liberation movement, became chairman of the Patriotic Society. As a member of the Provisional Government he worked for the adoption of a number of revolutionary measures, such as allotment of land to some of the peasantry.

After the suppression of the uprising, Lelewel emigrated to France and became the leader of the Polish National Committee, uniting the democratic forces of the Polish emigration. The committee’s publication of his appeal “To Our Russian Brothers,” calling for a joint struggle against tsarism, led to his expulsion from France in 1833. In Brussels he became the ideological leader of such Polish democratic organizations as Young Poland and Unification. He was active in the international Democratic Association, founded in Brussels, whose goal was the unity and brotherhood of nations.

Lelewel was the founder of the romantic school in Polish historiography. Working independently of the French historians Thierry and Guizot, he came to view the historical process as the struggle of classes (peasants and landlords). He believed that history should be a chronicle of the life of the people and stressed the creative role of the masses in history. His works were democratic, republican, and anticlerical, and his views on history and society laid the foundation for progressive Polish social thought of the 1820’s to 1860’s (E. Dembowski, T. Krçpowiecki). He wrote many works on the political history of Poland from earliest times through the 19th century and on the history of the Polish peasantry. Lelewel laid the foundations for a number of auxiliary disciplines in Polish historiography.

REFERENCES

Kieniewicz, S. Lelevel’. Moscow, 1970. (Translated from Polish.)
Hleb-Koszañska, H., and M. Kotwiczówna. Bibliografia utworów Joa-chima Lelewela. Warsaw, 1952.

I. S. MILLER

References in periodicals archive ?
Harrisse also referred to what he called an "artificial reproduction of this little globe", by Joachim Lelewel in an atlas accompanying the 1850 edition of his Geographie du Moyen Age, "blending the two hemispheres in one, and making of the whole an elliptical mappamundi".
The Polish historian, Joachim Lelewel (1786-1861), argued that the Slavs had once enjoyed an early form of democracy, which was then destroyed by 'Germanic feudalization'.
During the Romantic period, their outstanding historian was Joachim Lelewel (1786-1861), a prolific author who wrote extensively on all periods of Polish history, and on many other subjects besides.
Above all, an important role was played by the progressive historian Joachim Lelewel, famous throughout Europe, who reinforced Bakunin's commitment to democratic, Slavic and federal ideas.
Dafur gibt es aber ebenso wenig schriftliche Uberlieferungen wie fur die Annahme von Joachim Lelewel, nach der die Tur von Plocker Klerikern der Furstin Aleksandra, der Gemahlin Siemowits IV.
Five nineteenth-century historians are considered: Joachim Lelewel, Simonas Daukantas, Frantisek Palacky, Michaly Horvath, and Mihail Kogalniceanu.
Anna Skolimowska, Varsovia 2001)--ambas sobre el embajador polaco en la corte de Carlos V, Juan Dantisco (1485-1548)--y la edicion del Paralelo historico entre Espana y Polonia en los siglos XVI, XVII y XVIII de Joachim Lelewel, no habia ningun estudio sobre este tema en espanol.
Joachim Lelewel, uno de los mas afamados historiadores polacos y autor de un interesante paralelo historico entre Polonia y Espana, no aceptaba el papel jugado por los soldados eslavos en la guerra espanola.
For instance, in the 1820s, Joachim Lelewel, a respected historian and Polish leader, was speaking of Poles and Jews as "brothers walking hand in hand" towards a common future, and in 1848 in Galicia, Rabbi Dov Beer Meisels of Krakow openly demanded from Galician Jews support for Polish political demands.
The present struggle is best characterized by the celebrated 19th-century Polish insurrectionist appeal attributed to Joachim Lelewel which spoke of a fight "For Your Freedom and Ours.
15) Lelewel (1786-1861), a Polish historian and geographer, published his five volume history of cartography, plus atlas, between 1850 and 1857.
Their version of history has remained with us to today, largely because historians of the nineteenth and early twentieth century, such as Joachim Lelewel, Stanislaw Kutrzeba, and Wladyslaw Konopczynski, adopted it wholeheartedly.