see LankaranLankaran
or Lenkoran
, city (1989 pop. 45,020), SE Azerbaijan, near the Iranian border, on the Caspian Sea. It is a port and an important food-processing center for fish and tea. Its inhabitants are mostly Talysh, an Iranian-speaking people who are Shiite Muslims.
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, Azerbaijan.



a city in the Azerbaijan SSR. Located in the Lenkoran’ lowland on the left bank of the Lenkoran’chai River where it flows into the Caspian Sea. A port on the coast of the Caspian Sea and a railroad station on the Osmanly NovyeAstara line. Population, 42,300 (1973).

Lenkoran’ is one of the most ancient cities in Azerbaijan. The date of its founding is unknown. During the 18th century it was the chief city of the Talysh Khanate. During the war between Russia and Iran in 1804–13, Lenkoran’ was destroyed by the Persians, who built a fortress there. The fortress was captured by Russian troops under the command of General P. S. Kotliarevskii in January 1813 after a bitter battle. This victory hastened the conclusion of the Treaty of Gulistan of 1813, by which the Talysh Khanate became part of Russia. In 1846 it became a district capital. Soviet power was firmly established in Lenkoran’ in May 1920.

Lenkoran’ is the center of the second (after Georgia) subtropical region of the USSR. Its food processing industry includes tea factories, fish and vegetable canning plants, and a winery. There is a brickyard, a furniture factory, and a timber combine. Lenkoran’ has an agricultural technicum and teacher training and medical schools. There are local branches of the Azerbaijan Institute of Subtropical Crops and the Scientific Research Institute on Perennial Plants. Lenkoran’ also has an experimental rice-growing station. There is a museum of local lore in the city and a drama theater.

References in periodicals archive ?
A new Homolophus species (Opiliones: Phalangiidae) from Lenkoran zone in Azerbaijan.
Besides Armenian cruelty in Baku, Shamakhi and Guba districts and the Karabakh, Zangazur,Nakhichevan, Lenkoran and other regions of Azerbaijan were the major target of this brutal Genocide.
AtaBank" OJSC has started operations of 22 branches, of which about 12 are situated in Baku, while the rest are in the places of Gandja, Sumgayit, Khachmaz, Evlakh, Mingechevir, Shamkir, Geychay, Shirvan, Naftalan and Lenkoran.
Jeunesse Esch 1, Ventspils 4 (agg: 1-5); Khazar Lenkoran 0, Maccabi Haifa 8 (agg: 0-10); Lech Poznan 2 Honka 1 (agg: 5-2); Liberec 1, Skonto 0 (agg: 2-2 Liberec win on away goals); Linfield 1, Skoda Xanthi 2 (90 mins 0-1, agg: 2-2, Skoda win on away goals); Lokomotiva Zagreb 2, Dinamo Minsk 3 (agg: 4-4 Minsk win on away goals).
CHAMPIONS LEAGUE FIRST QUALIFYING ROUND DRAW: FK Khazar Lenkoran (Aze) v NK Dinamo Zagreb (Cro), APOEL FC (Cyp) v FC BATE Borisov (Blr), FC Sheriff (Mda) v FC Rangers (And), FH Hafnarfjordur (Isl) v HB Torshavn (Far), The New Saints v FK Ventspils (Lva), FK Pobeda (Mkd) v FC Levadia tsvKj, Linriem t-L tlMirj v Derry City (Irl) v FC Pyunik (Arm), Marsaxlokk FC (Mlt) v FK Sarajevo (Bih), NK Domzale (svn) v KF Tirana (Aib)
Spiders of Lenkoran nature area and Apsheron Peninsula, Azerbaijan.
A recent report to Washington from the US embassy in Baku noted that "Apsheron beaches and Baku's seaside boulevard have gradually given way to the Caspian in the last year, and hundreds of buildings have been inundated in southern Lenkoran.
Unseeded: FC BATE Borisov (Belarus), KF Tirana (Albania), FC Levadia Tallinn (Estonia), FC Pyunik (Armenia), FK Khazar Lenkoran (Azerbaijan), FC Astana (Kazahkstan), Linfield (N Ireland), The New Saints (Wales), HB Torshavn (Faroe Islands), F91 Dudelange (Luxembourg), Marsaxlokk FC (Malta), FKZeta (Montenegro), FC Ranger's (Andorra), SS Murata (San Marino).
The unseeded teams who Liverpool could face in the June 24 draw include: Sliema Wanderers - Malta; Pyunik Yerevan - Armenia; SK Tirana - Albania; Levadia Tallin - Estonia; Glentoran - Northern Ireland; Total Network Solutions - Wales; F91 Dudelange - Luxembourg; Lenkoran - Azerbaijan; HB Torshavn Faroe Islands; Kairat Almaty - Kazakhstan; FC Vaduz - Liechtenstein; Shelbourne - Republic of Ireland.
In fact, the June 1993 revolt in Lenkoran illustrated Talysh attempts to gain independence as the two Nakhichevan clans (Aliev vs.
Central-East - Ferencvaros v MTZ-Ripo Banants, Yerevan v Lokomotiv Tblisi, BATE v Torpedo Kutaisi, FC Vaduz v FC Dacia, FC Dinamo Baki v MSK Zilina, Mainz v Mike Ashtarak, FC Nistru Otaci v Khazar Lenkoran.
Central-East Section: Ferencvaros v MTZ-Ripo; Banants Yerevan v Lokomotiv Tblisi; BATE v Torpedo Kutaisi; FC Vaduz v FC Dacia; FC Dinamo Baki v MSK Zilina; Mainz v Mike Ashtarak; FC Nistru Otaci v Khazar Lenkoran.