Lentibulariaceae


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Related to Lentibulariaceae: Orobanchaceae

Lentibulariaceae

 

(butterworts), a family of insectivorous dicotyledonous plants, including mostly perennial herbs with adaptations usually in the form of small bladders for trapping small invertebrates. The trapped animals are then digested by secreted enzymes and assimilated. The bisexual, irregular flowers are solitary or gathered into racemes or spicate inflorescences. The corolla is bilabiate, with a spur or follicular growth (as seen in the West Indian Biovularia). There are two stamens. The gynoecium has two carpels, and the ovary is superior. The fruit most commonly is a capsule. There are approximately 300 species of Lentibulariaceae, making up five genera. The plants grow primarily in water or on damp soil. They are found almost everywhere in the world. The most extensive genera, Utricularia and Pinguicula, are both found in the USSR.

References in periodicals archive ?
A phylogeny of Lentibulariaceae based on sequences of matK and adjacent non-coding regions.
Evolution of carnivory in Lentibulariaceae and the Lamiales.
260, 546) Lentibulariaceae Pinguicula moranensis Kunth (593) Linaceae Linum scabrellum Planch.
Palabras clave: Lentibulariaceae, Utricularia, planta carnivora, composicion de presas, captura de presas, plancton, Venezuela.
Key words: Lentibulariaceae, Utricularia, carnivorous plant, prey composition, prey capture, plankton, Venezuela.
A remarkable presence is found in very few species of the herbaceous Lentibulariaceae, which is found to take a relatively basal position in the Lamiales (Savolainen et al.
2000a, 2000b) Lamiales Lentibulariaceae (Genlisea 2/8; Utricularia 3/17) Euasterids II Icacinaceae (Leptaulus 4/4, W; Platea 2/7); Polyosmaceae (Polyosma 43/46) Aquifoliales Phyllonomaceae (Phyllonoma 4/4) Families of uncertain position Cardiopteridaceae (Gonocaryum 11/14, W); Geissolomataceae (Geissoloma 1/1); Pentaphylacaceae (Pentaphyllax 3/3); Peridiscaceae (Peridiscus 1/1, W; Whittonia 1/1)
For example, a "beardtongue" staminode like the one in Penstemon (Cheloneae, Scrophulariaceae) also occurs in Jacaranda (Bignoniaceae); petal aestivation, or folding in the buds, shows both ascending and descending patterns within Scrophulariaceae, Lentibulariaceae, and Bignoniaceae, ascending and quincuncial patterns within Acanthaceae, and descending and quincuncial patterns in Orobanchaceae [whereas their presumed closest relatives, Rhinantheae (Scrophulariaceae) have ascending petal folding]; personate corollas similar to those of Antirrhineae (Scrophulariaceae) are exhibited by some Acanthaceae, Gesneriaceae, Bignoniaceae, and Lentibulariaceae; other parallelisms occur in ovary structure, ovule number, sensitive stigma lobes, and postgenital fusion of the anthers (Endress, 1994).