Leprosarium


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leprosarium

[‚lep·rə′sar·ē·əm]
(medicine)
An institution for the treatment of lepers.

Leprosarium

 

a specialized medical facility engaged in the active detection, isolation, and treatment of leprosy; the clinical observation of persons who have come into contact with lepers; the outpatient treatment of discharged patients; and the organization of immunization to prevent the disease. In addition, it is an organizational and methods center for the control of leprosy.

Leprosariums are established in areas in which leprosy is endemic, usually in a rural setting. In the USSR, leprosariums are maintained at state expense; in capitalist countries they are generally organized by the national Red Cross and charitable institutions. In some countries, such as Brazil and India, lepers are not isolated but are treated on an outpatient basis, since available leprosariums are unable to accommodate everyone suffering from the disease.

A leprosarium consists of a hospital, an outpatient section, and an epidemiological section. Patients are assigned to living quarters and subsidiary farms where they can work in agriculture and a variety of crafts. Patients stay in the leprosarium from several months to several years, depending on the type and severity of the disease. The service personnel usually live at the leprosarium, but in areas clearly separated (for example, by a stand of trees) from the patients’ quarters.

R. S. BABAIANTS

References in periodicals archive ?
Birth of a ministry WHEN the visiting missionary returned to Korea, Jang went back to the leprosarium.
Currently, the leprosarium in Caloocan is home to 65 PAWLs.
31) In medieval England, the changed status of more fortunate lepers was formalized in a ritual ceremony, after which these patients withdrew to a special hospital or leprosarium, located on the outskirts of urban centers.
Its medical activities created a group of committed converts among the sick who adopted the new faith after spending long periods of time in SIM's leprosarium.
Wastewater from the leprosarium and infected patients may contain higher concentrations of pathogens than domestic wastewater.
In 1974 they became involved in supporting the leprosarium in Taiz until 1992 when the German Leprosy organization took over supporting NLEP.
Shortly after Yvette of Huy rebuilt the church and leprosarium of Huy, Mary of Oignies (d.
The same humanity is sometimes true when it came to resolving the tension between the debitum coniugale of sexual satisfaction a wife and husband owed one another, on the one hand, and the risks a partner incurred from a downright dangerous partner, usually the husband, or, to cite a less common problem, from a partner who had been banished to a leprosarium.
Indeed, when it was observed by Spargo and his colleague Dr Lawson Holman that several of the 168 Aboriginal residents in the leprosarium outside Derby had elevated blood sugar levels, so surprising was this finding that two medical students were recruited to do a survey, which was carried out in 1968 (Finlay-Jones and McComish 1972).
Stanley Stein, who spent some 40 years behind barbed wire as a patient and patient activist at the now-closed leprosarium in Carville, Louisiana, once wrote, "The ravages of the stigma of this disease are as great as the ravages of the germ.
Father Thomas is the exception; he is afraid of the dark and the threatening forest, dissatisfied with the school where knowledge of the alphabet gets priority above prayers; he regards his stay at the leprosarium as "martyrdom" (Greene 2004: 80).
When I ask Teone why she has chosen the title Aquarium for this work, she explains that, historically, Peel Island was a holding tank, an experimental observation station for the socially dangerous-it had been used successively as a quarantine station, an asylum for inebriates, and as a leprosarium.